SLU Modernization Act

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SLU Modernization Act
CitationA-25
Enacted byOpen Parliament
Date enacted20 May 2017
Legislative history
Introduced on9 April 2017
Introduced byOdd Republic,
Anaaxes
Voting began13 May 2017
Required majoritySimple majority
Vote results7 Yea, 2 Nay, 2 Invalid[1]
Status: Spent enactment

This Act modifies and repeals previous Acts of the Social Liberal Union in order to modernize several laws of the Social Liberal Union, and to comply with the region's new Third Constitution.

Article 1. General Provisions

Section 1. Effective Date and Implementation

This Act shall not take effect until such time as a Third Constitution of the Social Liberal Union has been adopted by the Open Parliament. Certain sections may be delayed in implementation according to Speaker of the Union should they involve sections of the Third Constitution not in effect immediately upon passage, subject to judicial review.

Section 2. Repeal of Previous Acts

Upon passage of this Act and the Third Constitution, all Acts of the Social Liberal Union not amended by this Act shall be rendered void, except Acts passed after A-23.

Section 3. Expiration of Powers Granted to the Speaker by this Act

This Act and the powers it designates to the Speaker of the Union shall expire upon announcement from the Speaker of the Union that all necessary act amendments required by the Act have been properly executed. It shall automatically expire three months following its initial coming into effect, at which point the Speaker, if not having completed their duty in carrying out the act amendments, shall need to request of Open Parliament an extension of one to three months, by form of a Resolution. Act amendments notwithstanding, the Speaker shall have access to their powers to modify laws as designated by those act amendments for the time specified by the Resolution of Parliament. Extensions may be filed only twice. No act amendment sections not designated to expire shall do so.

Article 2. Aa-1: Amendment to the Social Liberal Union Prevention of Annoying Messages Act

Section 1. Act Title

The Social Liberal Union Prevention of Annoying Messages Act shall be renamed as the Prevention of Vulgarity and Spam Act.

Section 2. Act Text

The Prevention of Vulgarity and Spam Act shall read as following, while the introduction shall remain unchanged:

Section 1. Definition of Spam

Spam and related activities are defined as following:

Clause 1. Spam is the intentional repetitive posting of generally unwanted advertisements or links on the regional message board, the regional forum, via telegrams, or via personal messages.
Clause 2. Repeated spam is defined as multiple instances of spam within three days.
Clause 3. Unwanted content may include, but is not necessarily limited to, links to external websites, or other pages unrelated to the running of the Social Liberal Union or any activities sanctioned by the government of the Social Liberal Union, or an officer or law thereof.
Clause 3. Spam does not include repetitive posting to assist new States, or content not generally unwanted by the region.

Section 2. Definition of Vulgarity

Vulgarity is defined as the following:

Clause 1. The use of foul language, including but not limited to, the use of curse words and lewd references, generally along with an offensive reference to another Member State of the Social Liberal Union.
Clause 2. Repeated annoyance of a Social Liberal Union Member State after having been expressly requested to stop.
Clause 3. Vulgarity shall also encompass malicious materials, imagery, or links.

Section 3. Prevention of Spam and Vulgarity

The Minister of Domestic Affairs (or their Deputy when so authorized) and the World Assembly Delegate, upon publicly notifying the region of their rationale, may suppress spam and vulgar posts where they may occur. Any Member State may put to vote in the Open Parliament a Resolution to compel the suppression of spam or vulgar posts, to last between 2 to 5 days.

Section 4. Redress from the Open Parliament or the Court of Justice

Any Member State may put to vote in the Open Parliament a Resolution to compel the un-suppression of posts, to last between 2 to 5 days. The affected State may alternatively petition the Court of Justice to compel the un-suppression of posts if it is determined not to be spam or vulgar.

Section 5. Prosecution of Offending States

Any State which repeatedly spam or are vulgar may be subject to prosecution for a class 1 offence for their first violation, increasing one level for each subsequent violation with a limit of being a class 4 offence.

Article 3. Aa-1: Amendment to the Regional Honours and Awards Act

Section 1. Formatting

The Regional Honours and Awards Act shall have all sections titled as done in the the Third Constitution of the Social Liberal Union. The Speaker of the Union shall have the authority to conduct the titling of sections for three months following the passage of the SLU Modernization Act, subject to judicial review. All subsections shall become clauses.

Section 2. General Revision

The Speaker of the Union shall have the authority to, subject to judicial review and not to change any intentions of the Act, be permitted to revise certain Sections of the Act in order to ensure that all sections flow well succeeding the addition of Section names.

Article 4. Aa-1: Amendment to the Electoral Reform Act

Section 1. Name of the Act

The Electoral Reform Act of the Social Liberal Union shall become the Elections and Voting Act.

Section 2. Act Text

The Elections and Voting Act shall read as following, while the description of the Act shall remain unchanged:

Section 1. Description of Preferential Voting

The Social Liberal Union, pursuant to the Constitution of the Social Liberal Union, shall use preferential voting in all elections where it is possible. In order to clarify certain procedures of preferential voting in the Social Liberal Union, the following guidelines are set forth.

Clause 1. Elections shall allow Member States to rank their choices, amongst those running (given that at least two candidates exist). Member States may rank as many candidates as they choose, from 1 to the number of candidates.
Clause 2. Election results shall count first the first preferences of the Member States voting. If one candidate so far has a majority of votes, that candidate shall be declared the winner. In elections where more than one State is being elected, the runners up shall take offices as their rank may win, as provided for by law.
Clause 3. In such case as a single candidate does not immediately win a majority of votes, the candidate to which the fewest votes were allotted shall have their votes redistributed to their next preference. Member States which did not list enough choices shall have their votes discarded. This process shall continue until only two candidates are left or one has a majority. In case of a tie, the procedures described in Section 2 shall be employed. If one candidate wins a majority, they shall be declared the winner. I the election has multiple winners, runners up shall be declared to have won the appropriate offices as provided for by law.

Section 2. Tiebreaking Votes

If, at the end of the preferential elections process, two candidates remain and neither has a majority, the Cabinet of the Social Liberal Union may exercise their constitutional power to declare a winner amongst the two candidates. The Speaker of the Union may break a tie of the Cabinet, as per the Constitution.

Section 3. Abstentions

Pursuant to the Constitution of the Social Liberal Union, abstentions in voting and elections must be permitted and noted, but shall not count towards the final results of any election or vote.

Section 4. Election Administrator

As per the Constitution, the Speaker shall select a state not running for office or involved with the campaign of a State running for office to be Election Administrator. This Member State may be the Speaker. The Election Administrator shall have access to a forum account managed by the Speaker (although the Speaker may not enter the account during elections unless they are the elections administrator). The Elections Administrator shall have jurisdiction over elections for all decisions not enumerated in this or other laws or the Constitution. Votes shall be counted by the Elections Administrator and one other Member State that would qualify for that position.

Section 5. Challenging of Voting Results

Any Member State may contest the results of the election within seven days of the announcement of the results. If the results are disputed, the election administrator must provide a screenshot of each ballot or other but similar evidence in case the medium used for ballot submission is not the forum. The Court of Justice may adjudicate the election to have been held illegally, and therefore mandate a new election in which the election administrator must not be the election administrator serving for the period in which the invalidated election was held.

Section 6. Voting on Proposals

Voting on proposals and those proposals shall generally be governed by the Constitution; however, certain other requirements shall exist.

Clause 1. No proposal may be modified after submission except as may be necessary to correct typos in accordance with Section 7 of this Act.
Clause 2. The Speaker of the Union or an author of the proposal may withdraw a proposal from voting if the draft is deemed unconstitutional by an advisory opinion from the Court of Justice or in the determination of the author or the Speaker.
Clause 3. If the proposal has major flaws generally, the author may withdraw the proposal from voting.
Clause 4. The Speaker of the Union may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence if they maliciously abuse their power to remove proposals from voting.

Section 7. Typo Corrections in Bills

Typos in bills pending before the Open Parliament may be corrected in accordance with this Section.

Clause 1. The author(s) of a bill may correct typos at any time before it is passed, but shall notify the Speaker.
Clause 2. The Speaker may correct typos at any time before the bill is passed, so long as the author of the bill is notified and does not object to the Speaker's changes.
Clause 3. Typos are defined as accidental errors in grammar, spelling, and formatting.
Clause 4. No typo correction shall be permitted to materially or fraudulently change the intentions or actions of a bill.

Article 5. Aa-3: Amendment to the Regional Officers Act

Section 1. Reorganization of the Act

The Regional Officers Act shall have all sections titled as done in the the Third Constitution of the Social Liberal Union. The Speaker of the Union shall have the authority to conduct the titling of sections for three months following the passage of the SLU Modernization Act, subject to judicial review. All subsections shall become clauses.

Section 2. General Amendments

Section 17 shall be voided and appropriate sections and clauses renumbered. The language "Section 8" in Section 16 shall be modified to "Section 12". A new clause shall be appended to Section 10 to read (with the end of Clause 3 to be modified for consistency):

Clause 4. Appearance, for all lawful purposes related to Open Parliament business.

Section 3. Addition of the Founder

In Section 11, "and the Founder" shall be inserted succeeding "The World Assembly Delegate" and preceding the comma directly thereafter.

Article 6. Aa-1: Amendment to the Department Official Recognition and Appreciation Act

Section 1. Reorganization of the Act

All Sections of the Act shall become Articles, Subsections Sections, and Sub-subsections Clauses. The Speaker shall have the authority, subject to judicial review and lasting for three months, to slightly amend the Act, name Sections as may be necessary to follow this format, and rename Articles and insert Sections to contain their content. No modifications by the Speaker under this section shall change the intentions of the Act, and amendment should be kept minimal.

Section 2. The Chancellor Pip

The Speaker of the Union, shall, lasting only for three months and subject to judicial review, have the authority to revise wording and amend Sections and Clauses to allow the Act to comply with the Constitution's creation of the office of Chancellor, and elimination of Justices. The pip of the Chancellor shall be equivalent to that of the Free Justice prior to amendment.

Section 3. The Speaker pro Tempore Pip

The Speaker of the Union, shall, lasting only for three months and subject to judicial review, have the authority to insert necessary clauses or sections into the Act to include the pip to exist when the Speaker pro Tempore assumes the role of the Speaker of the Union, with the pip being similar to the Speaker's own pip, but consisting of a cog with a large crescent covering its top left.

Article 7. Aa-1: Amendment to the Parliamentary Library Act

Section 1. Typo Correction

The language "as they so choose." shall be appended to Article 4 Section 2 of the Parliamentary Library Act. The name of Article 5 shall become "Other Official Uses of the Library of Parliament."

Section 2. Transition of Legislation to the Library of Parliament

The following language shall be appended to Article 3 Section 2 of the Parliamentary Library Act:

In the transfer of legislation to the Library of Parliament, instances of "[SLU]" in the act title shall be removed, footers containing information concerning submission and authorship removed, and the phrase 'Objectives of the Act' in the preface to the act removed. Formatting may be assumed to follow standards for indentation, among other coding standards, on the Library of Parliament.