Elections and Voting Act
|Elections and Voting Act|
|Enacted by||Open Parliament|
|Date enacted||20 January 2013|
|Date repealed||11 March 2018|
|Introduced on||6 January 2013|
|Voting began||13 January 2013|
|Required majority||Simple majority|
|Vote results||10 Yea, 0 Nay, 0 Abstain|
|Voting Reform and Fair Political Practices Act|
|Text as originally enacted|
Recognizing issues with current electoral procedures, this act defines the form of preferential voting used for all elected positions and codifies traditional protections for result verification.
Section 1. Description of Preferential Voting
The Social Liberal Union, pursuant to the Constitution of the Social Liberal Union, shall use preferential voting in all elections where it is possible. In order to clarify certain procedures of preferential voting in the Social Liberal Union, the following guidelines are set forth.
- Clause 1. Elections shall allow Member States to rank their choices, amongst those running (given that at least two candidates exist). Member States may rank as many candidates as they choose, from 1 to the number of candidates.
- Clause 2. Election results shall count first the first preferences of the Member States voting. If one candidate so far has a majority of votes, that candidate shall be declared the winner. In elections where more than one State is being elected, the runners up shall take offices as their rank may win, as provided for by law.
- Clause 3. In such case as a single candidate does not immediately win a majority of votes, the candidate to which the fewest votes were allotted shall have their votes redistributed to their next preference. Member States which did not list enough choices shall have their votes discarded. This process shall continue until only two candidates are left or one has a majority. In case of a tie, the procedures described in Section 2 shall be employed. If one candidate wins a majority, they shall be declared the winner. I the election has multiple winners, runners up shall be declared to have won the appropriate offices as provided for by law.
Section 2. Tiebreaking Votes
If, at the end of the preferential elections process, two candidates remain and neither has a majority, the Cabinet of the Social Liberal Union may exercise their constitutional power to declare a winner amongst the two candidates. The Speaker of the Union may break a tie of the Cabinet, as per the Constitution.
Section 3. Abstentions
Pursuant to the Constitution of the Social Liberal Union, abstentions in voting and elections must be permitted and noted, but shall not count towards the final results of any election or vote.
Section 4. Election Administrator
As per the Constitution, the Speaker shall select a state not running for office or involved with the campaign of a State running for office to be Election Administrator. This Member State may be the Speaker. The Election Administrator shall have access to a forum account managed by the Speaker (although the Speaker may not enter the account during elections unless they are the elections administrator). The Elections Administrator shall have jurisdiction over elections for all decisions not enumerated in this or other laws or the Constitution. Votes shall be counted by the Elections Administrator and one other Member State that would qualify for that position.
Section 5. Challenging of Voting Results
Any Member State may contest the results of the election within seven days of the announcement of the results. If the results are disputed, the election administrator must provide a screenshot of each ballot or other but similar evidence in case the medium used for ballot submission is not the forum. The Court of Justice may adjudicate the election to have been held illegally, and therefore mandate a new election in which the election administrator must not be the election administrator serving for the period in which the invalidated election was held.
Section 6. Voting on Proposals
Voting on proposals and those proposals shall generally be governed by the Constitution; however, certain other requirements shall exist.
- Clause 1. No proposal may be modified after submission except as may be necessary to correct typos in accordance with Section 7 of this Act.
- Clause 2. The Speaker of the Union or an author of the proposal may withdraw a proposal from voting if the draft is deemed unconstitutional by an advisory opinion from the Court of Justice or in the determination of the author or the Speaker.
- Clause 3. If the proposal has major flaws generally, the author may withdraw the proposal from voting.
- Clause 4. The Speaker of the Union may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence if they maliciously abuse their power to remove proposals from voting.
Section 7. Typo Corrections in Bills
Typos in bills pending before the Open Parliament may be corrected in accordance with this Section.
- Clause 1. The author(s) of a bill may correct typos at any time before it is passed, but shall notify the Speaker.
- Clause 2. The Speaker may correct typos at any time before the bill is passed, so long as the author of the bill is notified and does not object to the Speaker's changes.
- Clause 3. Typos are defined as accidental errors in grammar, spelling, and formatting.
- Clause 4. No typo correction shall be permitted to materially or fraudulently change the intentions or actions of a bill.