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|The Republic of Courelli|
The judiciary system of the Republic of Courelli is established by Article V of the Courellian Constitution, comprised of a High Court and fifteen Provincial Courts. All judges are appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the National Assembly, and serve a lifetime term. However, judges are not appointed to any specific seat; instead, judges are appointed to a judicial pool, and randomly assigned a post via sortition every year. The Founders considered this to be symbolic of the unity of the national judiciary, with NAME, Constitutional Convention Delegate for Casella, stating: "One shall not be able to simply travel to one corner of our country and get a vastly different ruling than in another; we are one country, of laws and not of men!"
Republic of Courelli
|Founded||27 August 1663 CE|
|Preceded by||His Majesty's Most Noble Court of Justice|
New session started
|1 January 2022 CE|
Henry J. Lowe
Clerk of the Court
Length of term
|Chambers of the High Court,|
|Constitution of the Republic of Courelli|
The High Court (comprised of 7 judges selected by sortition from the national judicial pool) adjudicates matters pertaining to the Government, disputes between Provinces, and interpretation of the Constitution, and may declare legislation or executive action unconstitutional. The High Court's power extends to cases arising under the Constitution, an Act of the National Assembly, an executive action, or a treaty; cases affecting ambassadors, ministers and consuls of foreign countries; controversies to which the Government is a party; and controversies between Provinces. The High Court is also tasked with hearing appeals of the decisions of Provincial Courts.
|Chief Judge||Henry J. Lowe||1999||Gov. Wilson Murphy|
|Senior Judge||Cecilia Wheeler||1987||Gov. Augustus Pero|
|Senior Judge||Glenn Henderson||2005||Gov. Mary Dyson|
|Associate Judge||Jonathan Barnes||2011||Gov. Michael Wallace|
|Associate Judge||Alexandra Rowland||2015||Gov. Michael Wallace|
|Associate Judge||Emerson Doyle||2017||Gov. Joshua B. Thomas|
|Associate Judge||Abigail Baker-Hill||2019||Gov. Joshua B. Thomas|
Below the High Court are the fifteen Provincial Courts (each comprised of 5 judges selected by sortition from the national judicial pool), established by the National Assembly in 1723 CE, which are the general appeals courts for law. Furthermore, the Provincial Courts have original jurisdiction over disputes between municipalities within their Province.
Below the Provincial Courts are numerous District Courts (each comprised of 3 judges selected by sortition from the national judicial pool), established by the National Assembly in 1821 CE, which are the general trial courts for law. The Provincial Courts' power extends both to civil actions for damages and other redress, and to criminal cases arising under law.
Other courts, such as the bankruptcy and tax courts, are specialized courts handling only certain kinds of cases.