Courellian Government

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Government
of the
Republic of Courelli
Formation27 August 1663 CE
(358 years ago)
 (1663-08-27)
Founding documentConstitution of the Republic of Courelli
CountryRepublic of Courelli
Legislative branch
LegislatureNational Assembly
Meeting placeHall of the National Assembly
Leoncavallo, EN
Executive branch
LeaderGovernor
AppointerNational Assembly
HeadquartersHall of the National Assembly
Leoncavallo, EN
Main organCouncil of Directors
Judicial branch
CourtHigh Court
SeatHigh Court
Leoncavallo, EN
Social Liberal Union Flag.png 105x50px
SLU member state
Since1963 CE
(59 years ago)
 (1963)
AmbassadorMorgan O'Gallagher

The executive branch of the Republic of Courelli is established in Article TBA of the Courellian Constitution, which vests executive power in a Governor of the Republic of Courelli. The Governor is both the head of state (performing ceremonial functions) and the head of government (the chief executive). Many Gubernatorial actions are undertaken via executive orders, proclamations, and memoranda. The Governor is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The Governor is empowered to "receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers," and, as the Republic's chief diplomat, has broad authority to conduct foreign relations

Governor

Governor of the Republic of Courelli
Courelli Governor Seal.png
Courelli United Left Leader.png
Incumbent
Elizabeth Clarke

since 1 June 2021 CE
(7 months ago)
 (2021-06-01)
StyleGovernor (informal)
The Honorable (formal)
Her Excellency (diplomatic)
StatusHead of state
Head of government
AbbreviationGov.
Member ofExecutive Branch of the Government of the Republic of Courelli
ResidenceExecutive Mansion
SeatLeoncavallo, EN
NominatorPolitical party
AppointerElection by popular vote
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of the Republic of Courelli
Inaugural holderAurelio Di Blasi
FormationAugust 1663 CE
(358 years ago)
 (1663-08)
Websitewww.governor.co

The Governor is the head of state and head of government in the Republic of Courelli. As such, the Governor leads the Cabinet, leads a major political party, and typically commands a majority in the National Assembly. The incumbent wields both significant legislative and executive powers. In the National Assembly, the Governor guides the law-making process with the goal of enacting the legislative agenda of their political party. In an executive capacity, the Governor appoints (and may dismiss) Cabinet secretaries and co-ordinates the policies and activities of all government Directorates.

Article IV of the Constitution establishes the executive branch of the national government. It vests the executive power of the Republic in the Governor. The power includes the execution and enforcement of law, alongside the responsibility of appointing executive, diplomatic, regulatory and judicial officers, and concluding treaties with foreign powers with the advice and consent of the National Assembly. The Governor is further empowered to grant pardons and reprieves, and to convene the National Assembly in times of crisis. The Governor directs the foreign and domestic policies of the Republic, and takes an active role in promoting their policy priorities to Members of the National Assembly. The power of the Governor has grown substantially since its formation, as has the power of the government as a whole.

In all, 44 individuals have served as Governor, spanning 66 five-year terms.

Elizabeth Clarke, of Monteverdi, is the 45th and current Governor of the Republic of Courelli. She assumed office on 1 June 2021.

Powers & Duties

Upon election, the Governor's first requisite is to "form a Government" – to create a Cabinet that has the support of the National Assembly, of which Cabinet secretaries are expected to be a member.

After establishing the Cabinet, the Governor typically appoints the most senior officers – such as Director of the Courellian Information and Security Bureau, among others – and leaves lower-level appointments to the Cabinet secretaries. Ambassadors, Commissioners, senior civil servants, senior military officers, members of important committees and commissions, and other officials are selected, and in most cases may be removed, by the Governor. However, the appointment of judges to the National Judicial Pool, while constitutionally a power of the Governor, is now made on the basis of recommendations from independent bodies.

As the Commander-in-Chief of the Courellian Defense Forces, the Governor can declare war with the consent of the National Assembly, and jointly with the Director of Security, may exert power over the deployment and disposition of Courelli's forces.

The Governor also appoints officials known as Government Whips, who negotiate for the support of Assemblymembers and discipline dissenters. Party discipline is strong since the public generally votes for candidates on the basis of their party affiliation. Assemblymembers may be expelled from their party for failing to support their Party on important issues, and although this will not mean they must resign as Assemblymembers, it will usually make re-election difficult. Assemblymembers who hold Cabinet office or political privileges can expect removal for failing to support the Governor. Restraints imposed by the National Assembly grow weaker when the Governor's party enjoys a large majority in the National Assembly.

However, even a government with a healthy majority can on occasion find itself unable to pass legislation. For example, on 7 November 1996, Governor Wilson Murphy was defeated over plans which would have allowed police to detain suspects for up to 90 days without charge. On other occasions, the Governor alters their proposals to avoid defeat in the National Assembly.

Selection Process

Eligibility

The Constitution sets the following qualifications for holding the Governorship:

  • be at least twenty-eight years of age at the time of their election;
  • be a resident of the Republic for at least 10 consecutive years immediately prior to assuming office;
  • have not previously been convicted and removed from government office for corruption.

Election

The Governor is elected directly by the people of the Republic of Courelli for a term of five years.

The Electoral Board of each Province meets at its Provincial capital – about six weeks after the election – to officially compile a report on the votes in their Province. They then send a copy of that report to the National Assembly. The reports are opened by the Speaker and read aloud before the National Assembly.

Upon certification of the results by the National Assembly, the results are considered firm and final.

List of Governors
Name Affiliation Term
1 Aurelio Di Blasi Conservative Party 1690 CE – 1695 CE
2 Gabriele Cironé Conservative Party 1695 CE – 1710 CE
3 Andrea Cesena Liberal Party 1710 CE – 1720 CE
4 Agrippa Nucci Conservative Party 1720 CE – 1730 CE
5 Arturo Di Martino Unity Party 1730 CE – 1735 CE
6 TBA Conservative Party 1735 CE – 1740 CE
7 Sebastiano Pinelli Liberal Party 1740 CE – 1743 CE
8 Valentino Geraccé Liberal Party 1743 CE – 1755 CE
9 Sabato Gennari Unity Party 1755 CE – 1760 CE
10 Cornelio Mollica Conservative Party 1760 CE – 1765 CE
11 Agapito Crosé Liberal Party 1765 CE – 1770 CE
12 Evremondo Fiorilli Conservative Party 1770 CE – 1775 CE
13 Empirio D'Alto Conservative Party 1775 CE – 1780 CE
14 Zaccéo Cafarélla Liberal Party 1780 CE – 1790 CE
15 Corrado Solaro Conservative Party 1790 CE – 1795 CE
16 Agamennoné Musaccio Conservative Party 1795 CE – 1800 CE
17 Césario Nacca Liberal Party 1800 CE – 1810 CE
18 Nazzaréno Maré Unity Party 1810 CE – 1815 CE
19 Renato Petracca Conservative Party 1815 CE – 1820 CE
20 Emilia Sarni Liberal Party 1820 CE – 1825 CE
21 Loréno Lauletta Conservative Party 1825 CE – 1840 CE
22 Vittorio Trombino Conservative Party 1840 CE – 1845 CE
23 Aléandro Ramponé Unity Party 1845 CE – 1855 CE
24 Cassiano Algieré Conservative Party 1855 CE – 1860 CE
25 Léa Lazzeri Unity Party 1860 CE – 1865 CE
26 John Wescott Liberal Party 1865 CE – 1870 CE
27 Adélaïde Nicollier Social Democratic Party 1870 CE – 1871 CE
28 Raccele Mena Social Democratic Party 1871 CE – 1880 CE
29 Emmanuel Vernier Conservative Party 1880 CE – 1895 CE
30 Andrew Blythe Liberal Party 1895 CE – 1900 CE
31 Charles Springer Conservative Party 1900 CE – 1909 CE
32 Claude Lièvremont Conservative Party 1909 CE – 1915 CE
33 Amelia Sudano Social Democratic Party 1915 CE – 1925 CE
34 James Carmine Conservative Party 1925 CE – 1940 CE
35 Sébastien Passereau Unity Party 1940 CE – 1950 CE
36 Verenzio Magliocco United Left Party 1950 CE – 1955 CE
37 Isabella Toma Social Democratic Party 1955 CE – 1960 CE
38 Élise Subercaseau Liberal Party 1960 CE – 1970 CE
39 Aaron Bordin Conservative Party 1970 CE – 1980 CE
40 Augustus Péro Social Democratic Party 1980 CE – 1995 CE
41 Jean Paul Charbonnier Green Party 1995 CE – 2005 CE
42 Margaret Dyson Conservative Party 2005 CE – 2010 CE
43 Jacob Hartley Liberal Party 2010 CE – 2015 CE
44 Joshua Thomas United Left Party 2015 CE – 2021 CE
46 Elizabeth Clarke United Left Party 2021 CE – Present

Executive Directorates

Directorate Director
Agriculture LEADER
Education LEADER
Energy LEADER
Foreign Affairs LEADER
Finance LEADER
Health LEADER
Internal Affairs LEADER
Labor LEADER
Security LEADER

Diplomacy

Courellian Mission to the Social Liberal Union

Courellian Mission
to the
Social Liberal Union
Courelli DoS Seal.png
Courellian Permanent Representative
to the
Social Liberal Union
Courelli SLU Ambassador.png
Incumbent
Randall Reid
Executive Branch of the Courellian Government
Term Length At the pleasure of the Governor
Office TBA

The Courellian Mission to the Social Liberal Union is the formal title of the Courellian delegation to the Social Liberal Union (SLU), and is the primary channel for communications between the Courellian government and the Social Liberal Union. Each nation in the SLU has a similar delegation. Courelli was one of the founding members of the SLU, having joined on 17 May 1963, and has been an active voice in the group ever since.

The Mission advances Courellian objectives and interests in the world through diplomacy, negotiation, and daily monitoring of SLU activities. The Mission covers a wide range of the government's objectives, from the peaceful settlements of disputes to protecting the environment; from respect for human rights to promoting sustainable development. The Courellian Mission to the Social Liberal Union is the vital link between the Courellian government and the Union. Its principal roles are to promote Courellian interests in the SLU, and to keep government Directors and Directorates informed about SLU discussions.

The Social Liberal Union is an indispensable organization for a globalizing world. Through treaties, dialogue, negotiation, relationships, and the capacity to implement decisions, the SLU helps to preserve our sovereignty, protect our key interests and defend our values. It also helps us to develop the mutual understanding we need to resolve our differences – to forge compromises and agreements, and to combine our energies for the common good.

The Courellian Permanent Representative to the Social Liberal Union (commonly called the Courellian Ambassador to the SLU) is the official representative of the Republic of Courelli to the Social Liberal Union.

The Representative, currently Randall Reid, is charged with representing Courelli in the SLU Open Parliament, except in the rare situation in which a more senior officer (such as the Director of Foreign Affairs or the Governor) is present. The Representative has the rank of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and is appointed by the Governor (in consultation with the Director of Foreign Affairs) and confirmed by the National Assembly.

Courellian Mission to the World Assembly

Courellian Mission
to the
World Assembly
Courelli DoS Seal.png
Courellian Permanent Representative
to the
World Assembly
Courelli WA Ambassador.png
Incumbent
Morgan O'Gallagher
Executive Branch of the Courellian Government
Term Length At the pleasure of the Governor
Office TBA

The Courellian Mission to the World Assembly is the formal title of the Courellian delegation to the World Assembly (WA), and is the primary channel for communications between the Courellian government and the World Assembly. Each nation in the WA has a similar delegation.

The Mission advances Courellian objectives and interests in the world through diplomacy, negotiation, and daily monitoring of WA activities. The Mission covers a wide range of the government's objectives, from the peaceful settlements of disputes to protecting the environment; from respect for human rights to promoting sustainable development. The Courellian Mission to the World Assembly is the vital link between the Courellian government and the World Assembly. Its principal roles are to promote Courellian interests in the World Assembly, and to keep government Directors and Directorates informed about WA discussions.

The World Assembly is an indispensable organization for a globalizing world. Through treaties, dialogue, negotiation, relationships, and the capacity to implement decisions, the WA helps to preserve our sovereignty, protect our key interests and defend our values. It also helps us to develop the mutual understanding we need to resolve our differences - to forge compromises and agreements, and to combine our energies for the common good.

The Courellian Permanent Representative to the World Assembly (commonly called the Courellian Ambassador to the WA) is the official representative of the Republic of Courelli to the World Assembly.

The Representative, currently Morgan O'Gallagher, is charged with representing Courelli in the WA General Assembly and Security Council, except in the rare situation in which a more senior officer (such as the Director of Foreign Affairs or the Governor) is present. The Representative has the rank of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and is appointed by the Governor (in consultation with the Director of Foreign Affairs) and confirmed by the National Assembly.

National Ambassadors

Please note that the information in this list is subject to change due to regular personnel changes resulting from retirements and reassignments. The Directorate of Foreign Affairs posts updated lists of ambassadors approximately monthly.

Host country Ambassador Confirmed
Anaaxes Flag.svg Anaaxes 40px Nathaniel Hollinsworth May 4, 2017
An-Astral Flag.svg An-Astral 40px Martha Brooks January 7, 2021
40px Avaerilon 40px Dr. Jameson Holloway July 22, 2017
40px Brys Questions 40px Kyra Day November 10, 2019
Eggy Flag.svg Eggy216 40px Ruben Swanson June 8, 2017
40px Federalized States 40px Alexander Davis, Jr. May 22, 2020
Ganduni Flag.svg Ganduni 40px Heidi Thompson August 1, 2020
Goncar Flag.svg Goncar 40px Caleb Hart October 22, 2018
Harndon Flag.png Harndon 40px Ruby Lowe June 27, 2018
Helvurium Flag.svg Helvurium 40px Arthur Rollins May 12, 2019
Hirematia Flag.svg Hirematia 40px Aaron McAlister October 3, 2018
Jyskmark Flag.svg Jyskmark 40px Samuel Denson April 9, 2020
Kanoria Flag.svg Kanoria 40px Caroline Osborne July 15, 2017
Koiho Flag.svg Koiho 40px Kimberly Wilkins November 7, 2018
Mons Garle Flag.svg Mons Garle 40px Maurice Hodge June 2, 2017
New Lettia Flag.svg New Lettia 40px Andrew Boyle March 25, 2018
Omerica Flag.svg Omerica 40px Katherine Murphy February 12, 2018
Paschimbanga Flag.svg Paschimbanga 40px Christopher Robertson August 30, 2020
Prplia Flag.svg Prplia 40px Courtney Campbell March 27, 2021
Ramelia Flag.svg Ramelia 40px John C. Dobbs, Jr. September 27, 2019
Wildy Flag.svg Wildy 40px Gregory Nicholson December 11, 2019

References