Courelli

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The Republic of
Courelli
Courelli Flag.png
12th, 15th, and 18th
World Assembly Delegate
In office
23 October 2017 – 15 July 2018
Preceded byAusterain
Succeeded byNorth American Republics
In office
21 July 2019 – 10 November 2019
Preceded byGoncar
Succeeded byKoiho
In office
13 February 2021 – 6 June 2021
Preceded byHelvurium
Succeeded byBrys Questions
14th and 17th
Speaker of the Union
In office
1 April 2019 – 21 July 2019
DelegateGoncar
Preceded byHirematia (Elected)
Kanoria (Acting)
Succeeded byRamelia (Elected)
Helvurium (Acting)
In office
19 October 2020 – 13 February 2021
DelegateHelvurium
Preceded byJyskmark
Succeeded byHelvurium (Elected)
Anaaxes (Acting)
9th Chancellor
Incumbent
Assumed office
7 August 2021
DelegateBrys Questions
Preceded byAn-Astral
15th and 19th
Minister of Domestic Affairs
In office
21 June 2017 – 13 September 2017
DelegateAusterain
DeputyAnaaxes
Preceded byFreeland Newworldia
Succeeded byNew Ireland and Wales
In office
1 August 2018 – 12 December 2018
DelegateNorth American Republics, Goncar
Preceded byKoiho
Succeeded byBrys Questions
19th
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
12 December 2018 – 1 April 2019
DelegateGoncar
DeputyBrys Questions
Preceded byOmerica
Succeeded byBrys Questions
24th
Minister of Immigration
In office
24 November 2019 – 19 October 2020
DelegateKoiho, Helvurium
DeputyFantasma Izquierdo, Ganduni, Damdinistan
Preceded byJyskmark
Succeeded byDamdinistan
Deputy Minister of Immigration
In office
21 June 2021 – 8 August 2021
DelegateBrys Questions
Preceded byKoiho
Member of the Law Commission
In office
10 August 2019 – 13 February 2021
Nominated byVice Chair Hirematia
Preceded byAnaaxes
Member of the Bar
Incumbent
Assumed office
20 July 2019
Nation details
Founded17 April 2017
(4 years ago)
 (2017-04-17)
Republic of Courelli

Républica Courellianum
Flag of Courelli
Flag
Coat of Arms of Courelli
Coat of arms
Motto: "Virtue, not nobility, is the mark of character"
Anthem: TBA
Location of Courelli on Miyana
Location of Courelli on Miyana
Capital
and largest city
Leoncavallo, EN
Official languagesEnglish, Atlian
Demonym(s)Courellian
GovernmentUnitary constitutional democratic republic
• Governor
Elizabeth Clarke
Timothy Woods
LegislatureNational Assembly
Establishment
• Founded (Kingdom of Atlia)
525 BCE
• Founded (Kingdom of Milonia)
619 CE
• Founded (Kingdom of Courelli)
TBA CE
• Founded (Republic of Courelli)
1663 CE
Area
• Total
1,745,063.52 km2 (673,772.79 sq mi)
Population
• 2020 census
213,498,726
• Density
316.871/sq mi (122.3/km2)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
$11,072,043,900,000
• Per capita
$51,860
Gini (2020)Positive decrease 32.8
medium
HDI (2020)Increase 0.947
very high
CurrencyCourellian Dollar (CRD)
Time zoneMIT-1:00 (Courellian Unified Time)
Date formatDD/MM/YYYY CE
Mains electricity230 V–50 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+117
Country codeCOU
Internet TLD.co

Courelli (/koreli/, (listen)), officially the Republic of Courelli, is a unitary democratic republic comprised of nine Provinces: Einaudi, Monteverdi, Salieri, Maginardo, Sovino, Giordano, Casella, Albano, and Avanua. It is located on the continent Erede, and has a population of roughly 213 million people. Courelli has a land area of 673,772.792 sq. miles, with 316.871 people per sq. mile. The capital, Leoncavallo, is also the oldest city in the country, and was the seat of the Kingdom of Atlia (colloquially the "First Kingdom") in the 1st century CE. The nation's motto, "Cogno, nio évecci, iccirés émezuos sioltéo", translates "Virtue, not pedigree, is character's mark" - emphasizing the nation's anti-aristocratic, individualistic, democratic values.

General information

Did you know?

... that almost 40% of the Courellian mainland is mountainous, with the Udiné Mountains in the east and the Conselian Ridge forming the backbone of the peninsula?

Today's weather

Courelli Flag.png
Republic of Courelli
Bureau of Climate and Meteorology

Today's Weather
27 September 2021, 03:51
Leoncavallo, EN
68° F
Falceri, MV
65° F
Bassano, SL
64° F
Aleotti, MG
66° F
Adona, SV
63° F
Picci, GR
69° F
Monte Gabrieli, CS
56° F
Magnani, AB
66° F
Cilea, HI
80° F
Refresh Data

Travel advisories

Courelli Flag.png
Republic of Courelli
Directorate of Foreign Affairs

International Travel Advisories

Etymology

The etymology of the term "Courelli" is unclear, and still widely debated among historians and linguists. According to the most widely accepted explanation, the Atlian Courellia may derive from the Old Atlian noun acouré, meaning "fertility", and the suffix -ia, meaning "place/land."

History

The history of Courelli spans across Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and the modern era. Since antiquity, ancient Atlians, Conselians, Lorenians, and others have inhabited the Atlian Peninsula. In antiquity, the peninsula was the homeland of the Atlians and the metropole of the Kingdom of Atlia. Over the centuries, Atlians unified the peninsula, often at the expense of the Conselians, Lorenians, and Pisanians. This unified Atlian Empire began to exert significant influence in western Erede and the surrounding seas for many centuries, making immeasurable contributions to humanity, notably in the fields of philosophy, science, and art.

After the decline and eventual fall of Atlia in 619 CE, the peninsula was reorganized into the Kingdom of Milonia. Despite seeing famous personalities from its territory rise to prominence, the Kingdom itself remained politically divided. The central Milonian territories, including Falceri and Leoncavallo, remained under the authority of the Crown, while the southwestern territories, such as modern-day Giordano province, remained largely decentralized and tribal. At the same time, the coastal cities rose to great prosperity through shipping, commerce, and banking, acting as Erede's main port of entry for imported goods from the southwest and laying the groundwork for capitalism. Milonian explorers discovered new seafaring routes, helping to usher in the an age of global trade and lay the foundations for colonialism.

In the mid-17th century CE, republican revolutionaries defeated the King's forces in the War of Democratic Liberation, and established a republic. The new Republic of Courelli, established in 1663, quickly modernized and built a colonial empire, controlling swaths of land on various continents. The Republic maintained this empire for several centuries, until its collapse in the early 20th century.

In the mid-20th century CE, Courelli solidified its role as a global power after a wartime victory with the Socialist-Liberal United Front against Fascism in the 1950s fascist civil war in the nearby nation of Hirematia. Shortly thereafter, Courelli served as a founding member of the Social Liberal Union, an international organization devoted to combatting fascism and maintaining global peace. To this day, Courelli remains a strong economic, cultural, military and political factor in the 21st century.

Constitution

The Constitution of the Republic of Courelli is the basic governing document of the Republic of Courelli. Initially implemented in 1665, its current form was adopted in 2017, and is the fourth constitution that the Republic has had.

Government

The Government of the Republic of Courelli, a constitutional republic on the continent Erede, is composed of three distinct branches: executive, legislative, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the Constitution in the Governor, the National Assembly, and the High Court, respectively. The powers and duties of these branches are further defined by Acts of the National Assembly, including the creation of Executive Directorates, and courts inferior to the High Court.

Politics

The politics of Courelli are conducted through a parliamentary republic with a multi-party system. Courelli has been a democratic republic since August 1663 CE, when the monarchy was overthrown and a constituent assembly was elected to draft a democratic constitution.

Economy

The economy of Courelli is a highly developed mixed economy. The largest Courellian trading partners are Hirematia, Erynia and Draconia, Ramelia, and Goncar. It has free trade agreements with several nations, including Hirematia and Erynia and Draconia. The nation's economy is fueled by abundant natural resources, a well-developed infrastructure, and high productivity.

Geography

Courelli is located in western Erede, and is comprised of the Atlian Peninsula, the tropical island of Avanua, and several other smaller islands. Courelli is part of the Northern Hemisphere. Its total area is TBA, of which TBA is land and TBA is water. It lies between latitudes TBA° and TBA° N, and longitudes TBA° and TBA° E. Nearby countries include TBA, TBA, TBA, and TBA. The total border length is TBA. Including islands, Courelli has a coastline of TBA on the Lorenian Sea, the Sea of Serenity, and the Rhumasae Ocean.

Climate

Courelli has a variety of climate systems. The northern areas of Courelli (such as Falceri and Bassano) have a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), while the southern areas (such as Leoncavallo, Aleotti, and Picci) generally fit the Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). The western mountainous areas (such as Monte Gabrieli) generally fit the Oceanic climate and Subarctic climate.

Between the east and west there can be a considerable difference in temperature, above all during the winter: in some winter days it can be 28°F and snowing in Monte Gabrieli, while it is 51.4°F in Leoncavallo and 68°F in Falceri. Summer is usually more stable, although the northeastern regions often have thunderstorms in the afternoon and night hours. So, while in the south the summer is typically dry and sunny, in the north it tends to be more humid and cloudy. Spring and autumn weather can vary significantly, with sunny and warm weeks suddenly broken off by cold spells or by rain.

Religions

Religion in Courelli is diverse, with Dalinism (specifically Holy Dalinism) being the majority religion; however, various religious faiths have flourished within Courelli, as freedom of religion is guaranteed by the Constitution. Since the 1990s, the religious share of Dalinists has decreased, while TBA, TBA, and other religions have spread, mainly from immigration.

Military

The Courellian Defense Forces are the military forces of the Republic of Courelli, and consist of three service branches: the Courellian Army, the Courellian Navy and the Courellian Air Force. The Governor heads the armed forces as established by the Courellian Constitution of 2017, and creates military policy in conjunction with the Directorate of Defense and the Courellian Centralized Command. However, only the National Assembly has the authority to declare a state of war and vest the necessary military authority in the Government. The Provinces of Courelli are not allowed to maintain armed forces of their own, as the Courellian Constitution states that matters of defense fall into the sole responsibility of the national government.

From their inception as volunteer republican revolutionary militias during the War of Democratic Liberation (1660-1663), the Courellian Defense Forces have played a decisive role in Courellian history. They helped forge an early sense of national unity and identity through victories against the Royal Army of Courelli in the War of Democratic Liberation, and played a critical role in the mid-18th century Pirate Wars, keeping the Republic secure from the dangers of piracy. In the 19th and 20th centuries, the Courellian Defense Forces fought in colonial engagements in Harndon and Noirmarche, was deployed to Hirematia to put down a fascist coup, and fought to defend the Republic in the civil conflict of the early 1980s. Since the turn of the millennium, the Army has seen extensive peacekeeping service in unstable countries, such as Sgáwpîtyàw.

Demographics

Culture

The culture of the Republic of Courelli is primarily of western Eredean origin, but is influenced by broad array of foreign cultures over its long history. The Eredean roots of Courelli originate in the Bronze and Iron Age, with the Atlian people - the first known inhabitants of the Atlian peninsula, for which it was named. The peninsula was home to many well-known and influential civilizations, including the Conselians, Lorenians, and Norians, which flourished before the emergence of the first major regional power, the Kingdom of Atlia, which conquered and incorporated them. For more than 2,000 years, the Atlian peninsula experienced large migrations, invasions, and other sociopolitical changes which helped shape the developing culture into a powerhouse of growth and innovation in western Erede and across the globe.

The country boasts several world-famous cities. Leoncavallo, the ancient capital of the Kingdom of Atlia and current capital of the Republic of Courelli, is an artistic, cultural and cinematographic center of great renown. Aleotti is the seat of the Holy Dalinian Church, which has wielded immense worldwide influence for centuries and facilitated the spread of Dalinism and its development into a major world religion. Other important cities include Falceri, the former capital of the great merchant civilization Conselia and the industrial and financial capital of Courelli to this day.

The famous elements of Courellian culture are its art, music, style, and iconic food. Courellian culture includes both conservative and liberal elements, scientific and religious competitiveness, political structures, risk taking and free expression, materialist and moral elements. Despite certain consistent ideological principles, Courellian culture has a variety of expressions due to its geographical scale and demographic diversity.

Throughout the country's history, certain subcultures have dominated certain neighborhoods, only partially melded with the broader culture. Due to the extent of Courellian culture, there are many integrated but unique social subcultures within Courelli, some not tied to any particular geography. The cultural affiliations an individual in Courelli may have commonly depend on social class, political orientation and a multitude of demographic characteristics such as religious background, occupation, and ethnic group membership.