Anaaxes

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Federal Assembly

The Federal Assembly is the national legislature of Anaaxes established by the Constitution of Anaaxes. It consists of the popularly-elected Federal Senate, which handles most legislative affairs, and the Federation Council, which primarily handles constitutional affairs and matters affecting the federal union or provincial competencies.

Federal Senate

Composition, Election, and Tenure

The Federal Senate consists of 500 Senators in total, 400 of which represent a single-member district of about 200,000 people, and are elected by instant-runoff voting to a term of four years, staggered so that half of the single-member district Senator seats (200) are up for election every two years. The remaining 100 Senators are elected nationally via closed party-list proportional representation to two-year terms. No person can be elected a Senator more than four times consecutively. Senators are elected by citizens that are at least 17 years of age on election day.

Qualifications, Compensation, and Privileges

A Federal Senator must be a citizen of Anaaxes of at least 18 years of age on or before election day. Senators representing single-member districts must be residents of their constituency and cannot be re-elected once they attain 72 years of age.

Senators receive a daily salary equivalent to the current federal minimum wage, telecommunications devices, business class airline travel vouchers depending on their distance from the Capital, free personal meals at the Capitol cafeteria, home alarm monitoring service, a bulletproof vehicle for personal and official use while in office, and a Capital housing stipend depending on financial need. They also receive a Capital and constituency office, a small salaried staff for constituent services, stationery, office equipment, and mail franking privileges for nonpartisan use.

Senators have parliamentary immunity for all statements made on the floor of the chamber or in a committee hearing and cannot be punished for it except by the Senate itself, to preserve decorum. Senators are also privileged from arrest, search, and civil processes while inside the Capitol and in going to and leaving from sessions of the Senate, except as waived by the Senate or its officers pursuant to law.

Powers of the Chamber

With a simple majority vote of the membership, it has the power to:

  • Enact a federal law
  • Jointly, with the Federation Council, enact a federal directive
  • Ratify an agreement with a foreign nation or international organization made by the President
  • Confirm the President's nominees for federal judges, federal chancellors, flag officers of the Armed Forces, non-flag nuclear officers of the Armed Forces, ambassadors, and other principal executive officers as defined by law
  • Impeach a federal officer for incapacity, dereliction of duty, or malfeasance and refer them to either:
    • The Federation Council for trial and removal from office by a two-thirds vote
    • The national electorate for recall at a special election or the next regular election, with the consent of either a majority of the Federation Council or two-thirds of the Federal Constitutional Court

With a two-thirds majority vote of the membership, it has the power to:

  • Ratify a treaty with a foreign nation or international organization made by the President
  • Override a veto of the Federation Council of a federal law
  • Propose or withdraw a proposed constitutional amendment to the Federation Council
  • Expel a Federal Senator for incapacity, dereliction of duty, or malfeasance

Federation Council

Composition, Selection, and Tenure

The Federation Council currently consists of 124 Councillors, both elected or selected as follows:

Anaaxes Federation Council membership diagram.svg
Election or selection method Federal Councillors Term length
Former Presidents not impeached and removed from office 4 Life
Lieutenant Governors of each province and the Mayor of the Federal District 19 Ex officio
Popularly elected by the citizens of each province and the Federal District
(1-3 each, depending on population)
39 6 years
Nationally elected by closed party-list proportional representation 24 4 years
Elected by provincial legislatures and licensed to practice law or medicine in that province 18 4 years
Elected by national labor unions
(Voting power of unions depends on their membership)
20 2 years

Powers of the Chamber

With a simple majority vote of the membership, it has the power to:

  • Jointly, with the Senate, enact a federal directive
  • Jointly, with the Senate, enact a federal law regarding: the uniform date for federal elections; the granting or revocation of national citizenship; the composition or jurisdiction of the inferior federal courts; the creation or expansion of a capital offence; the location of the permanent seat of government; and the regulation of the security of or access to the meeting places of the Federal Assembly.
  • Consent to a change in the borders of any province, at the request of the legislatures of the affected provinces
  • Jointly, with the Senate, consent to the admission of a new province, or, the acquisition or annexation of a new territory
  • Jointly, with the Senate, confirm the President's nominees for Chief Justice of Anaaxes, Attorney General of Anaaxes, Director of Federal Intelligence, Director of Federal Investigations, Federal Inspector General of Anaaxes, Archivist of Anaaxes, Comptroller General of Anaaxes, Commissioner of Government Ethics, Commissioner of Information Privacy, Chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Ombudsman of the Armed Forces, Chair of the Federal Election Commission, Chair of the Federal Reserve Commission, Chair of the Postal Service Commission, Chair of the Federal Civil Service Commission, and Chair of the National Healthcare Service Commission
  • Jointly, with the Senate, provide for a presidential line of succession after constitutional officers, and, for special intra-term presidential elections to fill a vacancy
  • Consent to a recall election of a federal officer impeached by the Senate
  • Appoint an Acting President in the event no person in the line of succession is alive or otherwise qualifies

With a two-thirds majority vote of the membership, it has the power to:

  • Remove a federal officer following an impeachment trial
  • Expel a Federal Councilor for incapacity, dereliction of duty, or malfeasance
  • Void a presidential act of clemency for murder, treason, rebellion, espionage, sabotage, bribery, corruption, perjury, or obstruction of justice (within 10 years)
  • Refer a proposed constitutional amendment passed by the Senate to the provincial legislatures for ratification

Federal Chancellery

President

Powers and Duties

The President derives their power from either two sources: powers vested in the presidency itself and powers vested in the Apostolic See of Serenno. Any President elected by a national popular vote is entitled to execute both types of powers freely. However, an un-elected acting president cannot execute apostolic powers without the countersignature of an Apostolic Commissioner.

Executive powers:

  • See that the Constitution and laws of Anaaxes are executed
  • Serve as commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Anaaxes
  • Call and command provincial militias into federal service as provided for by law
  • Nominate and commission federal chancellors, other principal federal executive officers, and most federal judges, with the exception of members of the Constitutional Court
  • Receive and accept credentials of foreign diplomats on behalf of Anaaxes; nominate and credential chargé d’affaires to foreign nations or international organizations
  • Require the opinion of principal federal officers in writing
  • Grant temporary respites and reprieves for any federal and provincial offences which shall expire at the end of their presidency or elected term

Apostolic powers:

  • Grant commutations and pardons for any federal offences and provincial felonies (called an "Apostolic Intervention")
  • Nominate and credential ambassadors plenipotentiary extraordinary to foreign nations or international organizations
  • Send an Apostolic Observer to attend any sitting of a house or committee of a provincial legislature, a provincial court, a house or committee of the Federal Assembly, or a federal appellate court
  • Send an Apostolic Visitor to visit, inspect, and audit any office or premises of any agency of the federal executive branch or any private or provincial institution receiving federal funds
  • Make appointments to and commission members of the Constitutional Court
  • Use weapons of mass destruction offensively

Chancellors

Executive Agencies and Commissions

Federal Courts of Justice

Supreme Court of Anaaxes

Federal Constitutional Court

Composition, Selection, and Tenure

The Federal Constitutional Court consists of 12 Regents, which elect a Presiding Regent from among themselves every two years, who acts as the administrative head of the Court and who also presides over its sessions and conferences. Regents serve staggered terms of various lengths, depending on their selecting authority. If a vacancy occurs intra-term for a Regent seat, the original selecting authority will fill the vacancy with a new Regent who will serve for the remainder of the term. In the case of intra-term vacancies in presidentially-appointed Regent seats, the President which originally filled the seat retains the right to appoint a replacement if are still alive, mentally competent, and if they were not impeached and removed from office as President.

Selection method Special qualifications Regents Term length
Elected by two-thirds of the Federal Senate Must currently be serving or have served as a judge on a federal or provincial court of record 2 6 years
Elected by two-thirds of the Federation Council 2 10 years
Elected by two-thirds of the Judicial Conference of Anaaxes Must currently be serving as a judge on a federal or provincial court of record 2 12 years
Appointed by the President, subject to veto by two-thirds of the Federal Assembly
(limit 1 appointment per elected presidential term)
6 24 years
Regent Selection Prior offices or occupation
Juan Vargas 113th Congress.jpg Mariano Ibarra-Smith Apostolic appointment by President Katherine Pearson Federation Attorney for the District of Minerva
Vice Chancellor, Department of Justice, Bureau of Local Justice Oversight
Apostolic Visitor to the Supreme Court of Anaaxes
Solicitor General of Anaaxes
Judith S.Kaye.jpg Abigail Slaughter Apostolic appointment by President Natalia Goldsmith Member of the City Council of the Federal District
Mayor of the Federal District
Ambassador to the North American Republics
Vice Chancellor, Department of Foreign Affairs, Human Rights Bureau
Wm. Hodges.jpg Jonathan Krause Apostolic appointment by President Jacob Blatchford Public Defender of Bayern County, San Marino
Member of the Provincial Legislature of San Marino
Judge of the Superior Court of San Marino, Bayern County
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of San Marino
Judge of the Federal Court of Appeal
Tani Cantil-Sakauye official photo.jpg Brianna Galloway Apostolic appointment by President Isabella Lockhart Kentwell County, Serkonos Commissioner
Member of the Provincial Legislature of Serkonos
Speaker of the Provincial Legislature of Serkonos
Commissioner, National Public Health Service Commission
Deputy Chancellor of Health
Chancellor of Social Services
Dawson-William-L..jpg Robert Harris Jr. Apostolic appointment by President Marcus Kruikshank District Attorney of Ansler County, Whitewater
Attorney General of Whitewater
Member of the Federal Senate for Whitewater East
Chair, Senate Judiciary Committee
Attorney General of Anaaxes
Rep Louise Slaughter.jpg Joanna Atlas Apostolic appointment by President Nicholas Swearingen May 31, 2036
Walter Bayer.jpg Walter Heinicke II Elected by Judicial Conference of Anaaxes of 2015 May 31, 2012
Anaaxes Judge Portrait 1.png Andrea McCulloch Elected by Judicial Conference of Anaaxes of 2005 May 31, 2012
Susan P Watters.jpg Gabriella Montenegro Elected by Federation Council May 31, 2012
Emily C. Hewitt.jpg Elizabeth Irizarry Elected by Federation Council May 31, 2012
Judge Raymond M. Kethledge.jpg Albert Shields Elected by Federal Senate May 31, 2036
Mary-Pawlenty-Gilbert-Law.jpg Katrina Preston Elected by Federal Senate

Powers of the Court

With a simple majority vote of the membership, it has the power to:

  • Reverse a decision or order of the Supreme Court of Anaaxes regarding constitutional interpretation and remand it to any level of the federal court system

With a two-thirds majority vote of the membership, it has the power to:

  • Upon the petition of the Attorney General of Anaaxes and by a majority vote of the Federation Council, dissolve and declare a political organization or association unconstitutional under certain conditions provided for in the Constitution
  • Upon the petition of either the Attorney General of Anaaxes or the Federal Inspector General of Anaaxes, dissolve and declare a religious organization or association unconstitutional under certain conditions provided for in the Constitution

Federal Court of Appeal

Federal District Courts

Political offices
Preceded by
Goncar
Minister of Foreign Affairs
6 June 2014 – 19 October 2014
Succeeded by
Northern Inertia
Preceded by
The Jasminia Islands
Minister of Immigration
19 October 2014 – 11 November 2014
Succeeded by
Aertaseren
Preceded by
Avaerilon
8th World Assembly Delegate
11 November 2014 – 13 August 2015
Succeeded by
Northern Inertia
Preceded by
Chameliya
9th Speaker of the Union
8 January 2016 – 2 July 2016
Succeeded by
Lawattsia
Preceded by
Cestlui
Minister of Domestic Affairs
15 July 2016 – 26 October 2016
Succeeded by
Avaerilon
Preceded by
Avaerilon
Minister of Foreign Affairs
26 October 2016 – 2 April 2017
Served alongside: Goncar
Succeeded by
New Ireland and Wales
Preceded by
Odd Republic
12th Speaker of the Union
2 September 2017 – 27 May 2018
Succeeded by
Hirematia
Preceded by
Brys Questions
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Served alongside: Brys Questions
Incumbent
Legal offices
Preceded by
United Democracy of Scientists
Free Justice
14 August 2015 – 8 January 2016
Succeeded by
Normandy and Picardy
Preceded by
New Lettia
4th Chancellor
27 May 2018 – 17 March 2019
Succeeded by
Hirematia
Preceded by
Ramelia
Member of the Law Commission
Appointed by Vice Chair Hirematia
25 April 2019 – Present
Incumbent
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
X
Ambassador to the Democratic Socialist Assembly
30 June 2017 – 18 April 2018
Succeeded by
X
Government offices
Preceded by
Goncar
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
2 April 2017 – 21 June 2017
Served alongside: New Ireland and Wales
Succeeded by
Freeland Newworldia
Preceded by
Mintonity
Deputy Minister of Domestic Affairs
21 June 2017 – 2 September 2017
Served alongside: Courelli
Vacant
Title next held by
Hirematia
Preceded by
Kanoria
Speaker pro tempore
1 April 2019 – 17 April 2019
Succeeded by
North American Republics