|Federal Republic of Aeoa|
|Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs|
3 March 2021 – 3 May 2021
|Registrar of the Court|
21 January 2020 – 6 May 2021
|Preceded by||Saint Peter and Saint Paul|
|Member of the Bar of the Court of Justice|
|Assumed office |
25 November 2020
|Founded||6 September 2020|
Aeoa (Aeoan: Աեոա; romanized: Ayeoa; IPA: [ɛjɔɑ]), formally known as the Federal Republic of Aeoa (Aeoan: Աեոայի Դաշնային Հանրապետություն; romanized: Ayeoayi Dashnayin Hanrapetut’yun), is a republic of formerly semi-nomadic clans located in a fertile and expansive valley within the Kensatu Mountains. Although the area now known as Aeoa has traditionally been isolated from its neighbors, the recently formed federal government has made extensive efforts to establish diplomatic relationships with numerous nations. The capital, Anemos (Aeoan: անեմոս; romanized: Anemos; IPA: [ɑnɛmɔs]), was founded in November 2020, almost an entire month after the formal establishment of the federal government. Until that time, no single entity had ever controlled the entire valley as control frequently fluctuated between numerous clans ad tribes. In November 2020, Aeoa joined the Social Liberal Union after departing from The Democratic Commonwealth. Following a coup d'etat in the Social Liberal Union, Aeoa moved to the SLU's designated backup region, The Social Liberal Union.
The origin of the name "Aeoa" comes from two Proto-Aeoin words: "ayeon" (Aeoan: այոն; romanized: ayon; IPA: [ɑjɑn]) and "wun" (Aeoan: վուն; romanized: wun; IPA: [vən]). "Ayeon" is loosely translated to mean "expanse" or "openness", "while "wun" is translated to mean "bright". The first recorded account of the modern term "Aeoa" comes from a 17th century land contract between two clans over the disputed ownership and usage of a river. "Aeoa" was used in the contract to denote the river's location ("Two days' ride northeast of the great mound in the Aeoa").
The first known human activity in Aeoa is believed to be around 8,000 B.C.E. when nomadic tribes made the first successful trips through the mountain ranges and into the valley.
The Aenemian Confederation was established in the late 1800s as an alliance of autonomous states in northwest Aeoa. The creation of the Confederation had slowly built up throughout the previous century as clans intermarried and consolidated territory. At its peak the Confederation consisted of 32 states, each varying in size and influence. The three most powerful states in the Confederation were the Nul Empire, the Karliz Republic, and the Kingdom of Wuntal. These states constantly vied for power and would launch low-level wars with each other to acquire more territory. The absorption of smaller states was generally overlooked by the other members of the Confederation. One such state that was coerced into being absorbed by the Nul Empire was Nylosia.
The Republic of Nylosia had long been in direct conflict with its neighboring states. The inhabitants of this region are not ethnically related to Aeoans and have asserted their independence numerous times throughout their history. However, the Nul Empire desired the region because of its potential for trade routes through the mountains. The Nul Empire coerced Nylosia into becoming part of its territory. However, the Nylosian people rejected this agreement and, after deposing their leader, engaged in a guerrilla war with the Empire. The war lasted 17 years, during which time Aenemian Confederation forces attempted to enter Nylosia and occupy it. Unfortunately, the region is incredibly difficult to access due to its mountainous terrain and a substantial number of Confederates were killed. Leaders of Nylosia and the Confederation then negotiated a treaty in 1909 that ended the conflict. Nylosia would open its trade routes to the Confederation and become citizens of the Confederation, but non-Nylosian troops were prohibited from entering and Nylosia would not have voting members in the federal legislature. This treaty was seen as a huge blow to the legitimacy and authority of the Aenemian Confederation, as several other regions began to rebel against the federal government. The Confederation officially collapsed in 1928 with the overthrow of the Wuntalese monarch and the new socialist government's subsequent withdrawal from the Confederation.
The Nomadic Peoples of Aeoa
The Nomadic Peoples of Aeoa was a Confederation of states formed on 6 September 2020. The founding of the Confederation marked the first time that all of Aeoa was unified under a single government. However, the central government established by the First Constitution of Aeoa was very weak and delineated several important powers to District governments. The lack of central power caused sporadic conflicts between varying Districts as they each vied for resources and political power.
4th's Rebellion and the Second Constitution
Named after the District that initiated the conflict and led the majority of opposition forces against the federal government, 4th's Rebellion is considered by scholars to have begun in December 2020 when the Head Chief of the 4th Federal District declared autonomy from the federal government and refused to allow transport of federal troops through the District. The District's declaration of autonomy was largely due to the weak central government that the First Constitution designed, which gave the federal government few resources to balance the power of the Districts. The nation's tradition of infighting began anew when several Districts began low-level raids against each other for resources, in clear violation of the First Constitution. The 4th, 5th, and 9th Districts began to organize paramilitary groups that operated outside the confines of the First Constitution. The First Constitution did allow District-level militaries to be formed, but limited the scope of their responsibilities and were ultimately subject to the President of Aeoa. These Districts redirected funding for their District Armies to the new paramilitary organizations, many of which were ideologically centered around clan or tribal identity. Leaders of the Federal Assembly not representing the rebelling Districts quickly called an emergency session in which the Aeoan Cavalry was tasked with quarantining the offending Districts and limiting travel throughout the country. Special wartime powers were vested in the President to handle the crisis, who declared a national state of emergency. The Aeoan Army was authorized to enter the rebel Districts and engage with any "rebellious or traitorous" combatants. Skirmishes were very limited between the rebels and the Aeoan Army, and federal forces were able to re-establish control over the 5th and 9th Districts within two weeks of the declaration of the state of emergency. However, armed combatants in the 4th Federal District offered continued resistance. The militia known as the Mozjian Legion engaged in a final major battle outside the District Capital of Mozji with the Aeoan Army, who had sieged the city for three weeks in preparation of an assault and in order to minimize civilian losses. Mozjian forces suffered heavy casualties, as they lacked the experience and training of the Aeoan Army. By January 2020, Mozji was recaptured along with most of the District government leaders. The war has been estimated to cause approximately ₺470 million in damages. The disruption of the economy and political structure caused by the rebellion led to the dissolution of the First Constitution and the drafting of the Second Constitution of Aeoa.
Provisional governments were established in each of the rebel Districts in order to provide basic services to residents. The President of Aeoa appointed a new governor in each of the Districts until democratic elections could be held in July 2020. Each rebel District was placed under martial law and military occupation by the Aeoan Army for three months in order to ensure all combatants were disarmed and that the political situation was stable enough for elections. The Districts then elected their first legislatures and executives in full compliance with the Second Constitution and monitored by units of the Aeoan Cavalry. Full Aeoan citizenship and the rights guaranteed by the state were stripped from all residents of the rebel Districts until two-thirds of the occupied populations voted in favor of ratifying the Second Constitution through referendums. The 9th and the 5th Districts ratified the Second Constitution on 22 and 25 April 2020, respectively. The 4th District, however, failed its first attempt at ratification on April 28 2020. The 4th District finally ratified the Constitution and joined the Federal Republic on 17 May 2020.
Federal Republic of Aeoa
The Federal Republic of Aeoa was established in December 2020 with the ratification of the Second Constitution by two-thirds of the non-rebel representatives of both houses of the Federal Assembly. The First Constitution was dissolved in December 2020 following the onset of 4th's Rebellion. The new Constitution drastically increased the strength and size of the federal government, allowing it to more adequately handle the rebel Districts. The three rebel Districts, after a period of military occupation and martial law, ratified the Second Constitution in April and May 2021, thereby joining the Federal Republic and reunifying the nation. In June 2021, following trade negotiations with a neighboring state, the Federal Republic of Aeoa purchased 12 square kilometers of oceanside territory from the nearby nation of Bacloistan. The territory was purchased for approximately ₺72 million. The territory was purchased for its potential as a deep water port. Aeoa plans to develop a harbor, shipyards, and airstrips to serve as a joint Air Defense-Navy military base, as well as an international shipping hub. It is expected that the Aeoan economy will be able to diversify itself with its newfound access to sea trade routes and the Aeoan military will be able to develop global military strategies. In exchange for the territory, Bacloistan secured special authorization for two of its companies to operate on the Aenemian Mercantile Exchange without adhering to the Federal Reserve standards for admission. In addition, restricted access to Aeoan airspace was granted for the Bacloish Air Force for three years. During this three year period, Aeoa will be allowed to ship manufacturing materials through Bacloistan tariff-free and escorted by regiments of the Bacloish Armed Forces. The Federal Assembly ratified the agreement and designated the new territory, "Uclen". The territory will operate solely as a military district for the foreseeable future.
On 12 January 2021, a new federal flag was created to better reflect the newly unified culture of Aeoa. The red portions on the sides of the flag represent the blood that has been spilled for a unified Aeoa. The white portions at the top and bottom of the flag represent the peace that may exist between all Aeoans. The crest in the center of the flag depicts mountains overlooking a fertile valley with a rising sun showing behind the peaks of the mountains. This scene is meant to portray Aeoa's natural beauty, as well as link the country to the mythical hidden valley depicted in many sects of the traditional Aeoan religion. The hidden valley is called Katary Teg, and is roughly translated from Proto-Aeoin as "perfect place hidden from the suffering of the world". Katary Teg has long occupied the psyche of the Aeoan nation, with many traditional sects believing that the place is actually a vision of the future of the nation. Flanking the crest on each side are olive branches, representing peace. Finally, "Federal Republic of Aeoa" is written in the traditional Aeoan script along this left side of the flag.
The Democratic Commonwealth
Aeoa joined The Democratic Commonwealth in early September 2020 and became very active in the region. Aeoa founded the Progressive Union Party, a center-left political party focused on domestic reform, and was elected to three consecutive terms in the TDC Senate (40th Senate - 42nd Senate). The nation later became a leader of the majority coalition in its final term of representation. The coalition, the National Progressive Alliance, was an alliance of members from the Progressive Union Party, the National Liberal Party, and the Communist Party. This coalition stood in opposition to the Commonwealth Coalition, the center-right coalition in the region. The NPA was short lived, however, and numerous members resigned their posts during the 42nd Senate and left the region. Many NPA members expressed their disappointment in the coalition, which they felt was inefficient and consisting of nepotism. The Chancellor, Trekinstan of the NLP, appeared to be ineffective and lacking a plan of governance. In its final term in the Senate, Aeoa was appointed as Minister of Interior Affairs. Aeoa resigned its post shortly after, citing frustration in the inner-workings of the regional government. The nation believed that power had been consolidated amongst a few nations which consisted of the "Old Guard", and that this group was resisting change and inclusion in the region. During its time in The Democratic Commonwealth, Aeoa saw the region's membership decline by more than half.
|SB4103||Public Government Act||Requires the Executive to update regional government information (such as government representatives, political parties, or legislation) within 3 days of any changes.||Passed|
|SB4108||Public Government Amendment||Amends the Public Government Act to allow for stricter adherence of the bill and provides charges for negligence under the bill.||Passed|
|SB4109||Judicial Independence Amendment||Amends the Constitution to stipulate that Court Magistrates may only be removed from office due to gross negligence or incompetence. The amendment also prevents the membership of Magistrates in any political party and protects them from coercion by TDC members.||Passed|
|SB4110||Department of Recruitment Establishment Act||Establishes a Department of Recruitment within The Democratic Commonwealth and creates the position of Director, who is confirmed by the Senate, to be responsible for the Department.||Passed|
|SB4201||Emergency Protection Act||Outlines emergency procedures and executive powers in case of an attack on the region.||Failed|
|SB4204||Legislative Uniformity Act||Mandates that all legislation be posted and managed on a third party site to ensure legal continuity.||Failed|
|SB4303||Cabinet Expansion Act||Establishes several new Cabinet positions and clearly delineates their powers and responsibilities.||Failed|
Social Liberal Union
Aeoa left The Democratic Commonwealth and joined the Social Liberal Union on 17 November 2020. On 24 November 2020, Minister of Foreign Affairs Goncar appointed Aeoa to serve as the SLU's Ambassador to the International Democratic Union. The following day, Aeoa passed the Bar Examination created by the Law Commission and Library Act to join the Bar of the Court of Justice and legally practice law in the SLU. Aeoa introduced to the Open Parliament a proposal for the Freedom of Information Act on 2 December 2020. Following the mandatory discussion and voting periods, the bill was enacted on 13 December.
December 2020 Coup d'Etat
On 11 December 2020, Founder Ainland began making threatening comments towards the Social Liberal Union and removed the "communist" tag from the region's NationStates site. After the tag was restored, the government increased the Comprehensive Union Defense Act level to orange to indicate a clear and present threat to the continuity of the region. Ainland made it clear that he was offended by the region's associations with communists and the NationStates region of North Korea, which SLU had an embassy with. On 13 December, Ainland began his attack against the region he founded. He began by ejecting and banning the lawfully elected government of the SLU to The Rejected Realms. He then closed numerous embassies and removed tags that he deemed offensive. The government-in-exile raised the CUDA level to red through Discord channels and declared a state of emergency within the region. The government-in-exile then enacted continuity of government procedures that were previously outlined in the Comprehensive Union Defense Act. These procedures moved the entirety of the SLU government to a backup region, The Social Liberal Union. The SLU's entire legal system and government apparatus were transferred into The Social Liberal Union. The government of TSLU then designated Ainland as an Enemy of the Union and permanently banned him from the region.
The Social Liberal Union
On 17 December 2020, Aeoa was appointed by Speaker of the Union Courelli as a Librarian of Parliament. Chancellor Ramelia appointed Aeoa Registrar of the Court on 21 January 2021. Aeoa's accomplishments as Registrar include transferring old case files from the original regional forum into the Library of Parliament. On 3 March 2021, Aeoa was narrowly elected as Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs to serve under Minister of Foreign Affairs Goncar. The nation retained its ambassadorship to the International Democratic Union. On 3 May 2021, Aeoa resigned its positions in both the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Court of Justice, citing personal reasons for taking a hiatus from government work.
|Citation||Name||Description||Status||Vote Record||Date Passed|
|A-39||Freedom of Information Act||This Act establishes a process in which members of the SLU can request access to government information that would otherwise not be readily available to the public.||Passed||13-0-0||13 December 2020|
|A-41||Cultural Heritage Establishment Act||This Act establishes annual holidays observed by the entire Social Liberal Union as a means to promote and preserve regional history and culture.||Passed||10-2-0||2 February 2021|
|PA-42||Civil Service Inclusivity Act||This Act establishes a program in which future government officers are trained in the best practices and procedures of their desired Ministry by experienced civil officers.||Pending||-||-|
|-||Census Act||This Act establishes a voluntary, bi-annual regional census to be administered by the Ministry of Domestic Affairs.||Drafting||-||-|
Second Constitution of Aeoa
During its emergency session, the Federal Assembly drafted a new constitution, the Second Constitution of Aeoa, in which the federal government was allotted much more power and authority in terms of taxation and distribution of funds. District Legislatures were also limited in their powers, especially in terms of their ability to form regional military organizations, which were strictly limited. The District government were also standardized, with the federal government requiring a minimum amount of representation per person and an executive branch modeled on the federal government. The clan structure of Aeoa was also permanently dismembered. The Second Constitution makes no reference to clans or tribes, signally that the political tradition of Aeoa is shifting away from tenuous alliances between autonomous groups. The country was also renamed the Federal Republic of Aeoa, as the majority of the country's population had moved away from nomadism with the establishment of the capital city of Anemos. In addition to this, the capital city of Anemos was designated as its own Federal District, although without the separate government apparatus. The city's residents are guaranteed representatives in the Federal Assembly and may vote for any national political office all other Districts qualify for. However, the city does not contain its own legislature or executive branch outside of the city council-mayor system it currently employs. District-level management of the city is handled by the Federal Assembly.
Excerpts from the Second Constitution
Article I. Executive Office
"Section I. Executive power shall be invested in the Office of the President, who shall be elected by a simple plurality of voters. The President shall hold this Office for a term of four years."
"Section II. Subsection 2. The President shall serve in their capacity as Commander of All Aeoan Forces."
"Section IV. The President shall, from time to time, advise both houses of the Legislature on the state and security of the Federal Republic."
Article II. The Legislature
"Section I. Subsection 3. The Legislature shall have the sole power to collect and disburse funds for the federal government."
"Section II. Subsection 1. A District represented in the People's Chamber shall consist of 750,000 people."
Section III. Subsection 1. Each Federal District shall be represented in the Senate of Aeoa by exactly two Senators."
"Section VII. Subsection 1. The ratification of treaties with foreign states is reserved to the Senate of Aeoa, upon a majority of two-thirds vote and approval of the President."
Article III. Federal Judiciary
"Section II. Subsection 1. Federal Justices shall be appointed by the President and confirmed by a simple majority of the Senate of Aeoa."
"Section III. Subsection 5. Federal Justices on all levels may not maintain membership or participate in the functions of a political party during their tenure, upon pain of immediate removal."
Inherent Liberties of the People
This document was created and signed by members of the Committee to Establish a Free and Prosperous Nation, an organization of prominent federalist scholars and advocates intent upon creating a unified Aeoa with liberal republican ideals. The committee was formed immediately after the dissolution of the Aenemian Confederation and included approximately 150 prominent Aeoans, largely from the three states that controlled the majority of the political power within the Confederation. The document was created and signed by all members of the committee in a small opera house in Anemos. The opera house has since been designated as a National Landmark. While some signatories were lauded in their home states for their ideals, others were persecuted. At least 30 of the signatories have been confirmed as being executed by one of the Aeoan states. Others simply disappeared. Raffi Tankian, the President of the Committee to Establish a Free and Prosperous Nation, for example, disappeared upon his return to Odzum, his hometown. His body has never been recovered and his disappearance remains an open investigation. Although more than 70 years passed before the Liberties espoused in the document were guaranteed by any state within Aeoa, they have since become constitutional law in the Federal Republic. Upon the dissolution of the First Constitution and the adoption and subsequent ratification of the Second Constitution of Aeoa, these Liberties were appended to the Constitution (as Article IV) as unassailable rights of all citizens of the Federal Republic of Aeoa. The document was, however, edited before appended to the Second Constitution. Several drafters of the Constitution thought that some of the rights enumerated in the document drastically limited the power of the federal government and excluded them from the final draft of the Constitution. However, a majority of the document made its way into the Constitution.
The following statements from the document are just a few found within the Second Constitution:
- "The rights to the freedoms of speech, press, and expression shall not be infringed upon."
- "The government may make no law regarding religion, either in support or as a hindrance of such."
- "All people maintain the right to due process under the law and to be tried by a jury of their peers."
- "The homes of individuals may not be assailed upon unless proper judicial authority has confirmed the legal right to do so."
- "Soldiers may not, under any circumstances, be quartered in a private individual's home."
The federal government, which operates as a Federal Republic under the Second Constitution of Aeoa, has three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The territory of Aeoa is divided into Federal Districts, which each have their own government consisting of these three branches but which are inferior to the federal government.
The leader of the executive branch of the federal government is the President. The President of Aeoa is elected by a majority of citizens in all territories of Aeoa. The President is elected to a 4 year term and does not have term limits. The President's signature is required on all legislation in order to go into effect. The President of Aeoa serves as the Commander of All Aeoan Forces, but typically delegates day to day and strategic operations to the Joint Military Council. The Vice-President is the first in the line of succession for the presidency, and is also the President of the Senate. The Vice-President typically serves as an advisor to the President. The executive branch consists of several federal departments whose leaders form the Executive Council. The Executive Council leaders serve at the pleasure of the President, and must be confirmed by the Senate.
|President||Milena Arakelian||Democratic Unionist Party|
|Vice-President||Samvel Minassian||Democratic Unionist Party|
|Executive Council Official||Departments||Current Official|
|Minister of Defense||Department of Homeland Security, Border and Customs Enforcement Agency,||Ky Lowe|
|Minister of Culture||Ministry of Cultural Heritage||Hakob Khorenatsi|
|Minister of Education||Department of Education||Madlene Shirakatsi|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||State Department, Department of Trade||Piotr Badalyan|
|Minister of the Treasury||Ministry of the Treasury, Federal Bank of Aeoa, Aeoan Mint||Tamar Papazian|
|Chairperson of the Federal Reserve||Federal Reserve of the Republic, Aenemian Mercantile Exchange||Boghos Hintlian|
|Attorney General||Department of Justice, Department of Corrections||Paul Simonian|
|Minister of Domestic Affairs||Ministry of Infrastructure, Department of Environmental Protections||Hyk Roben|
|Secretary of Health||Health and Human Services||Anna Kandarian|
Aeoa is a Federal Republic with a bicameral legislature called the Federal Assembly. The Senate consists of 5 representatives from each Federal District, while the People's Chamber consists of representatives from each Federal District based on population. A District is awarded one representative for every 750,000 citizens. There are currently 580 representatives in the People's Chamber and 55 representatives in the Senate.
|Political Party||Ideology||Color||People's Chamber||Senate|
|Federal Labor Party||Democratic Liberal||Orange||224||16|
|Democratic Unionist Party||Liberal Federalist||Blue||118||15|
|People's Liberty Party||Social Conservative||Yellow||87||9|
|Conservative Party||Fiscal Conservative||Purple||46||6|
|National Front of Aeoa||National Populist||Black||31||5|
|Social Commune Party||Leninist Communist||Red||32||2|
|Position||Name||Political Party||Federal District|
|Speaker||Hakob Demirdjian||Federal Labor Party||Ararat|
|Majority Leader||Anania Haroutiounian||Federal Labor Party||Gavarlo|
|Minority Leader||Movses Kamjian||Conservative Party||Urartu|
|Position||Name||Political Party||Federal District|
|President of the Senate||Samvel Minassian||Democratic Unionist Party||Ararat|
|President Pro Tempore||Aram Eskandarian||Democratic Unionist Party||Sumgaiti|
|Minority Leader||Hare Hovnanian||People's Liberty Party||Urartu|
Notable Federal Legislation
- Militia Disarmament Agreement
- Stipulated the peaceful surrender of all weapons by members of enemy militias during 4th's Rebellion
- Granted general amnesty for militia members who abided by the agreement
- Established the temporary Wartime Accountability Commission, which was to investigate war crimes and present indictments to the Attorney General
- Outlawed execution as a means of military punishment in Aeoa
- Guaranteed that all militia members would be granted a trial if charges were presented to the Attorney General
- Legally defined all militia members who did not surrender their weapons by the agreed upon date as enemy combatants, which permanently denied them the privileges outlined in the agreement
- Economic Reintegration Act
- Implemented in the hopes of accelerating economic recovery after 4th's Rebellion
- Authorized the Federal Bank of Aeoa to invest in inter-District infrastructure and agricultural industries
- Provided low interest federal loans to residents whose property was damaged or destroyed during the war.
- Federal Banking Authority Act
- Permitted the establishment of District Banks that may be used to manage and disburse District-level funds
- Permitted the establishment of commercial banks in all Districts
- Mandated that monetary reserves in commercial banks be insured by the Federal Reserve
- Established federal banking guidelines
- Monetary Realignment Act
- Rendered all District-level currencies to be null and void
- Established the Aeoan Mint within the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Treasury
- Began production of new federal currency notes
- Mandated that all federal currency be backed by gold bullion, as managed by the Federal Reserve
- Energy Oversight Act
- Created federal guidelines to which private energy companies must adhere
- Limited the amount of emissions a power plant may produce
- Provided modest tax credits to renewable energy sources
- Divided federal power grids into three independent sections
- Maintained that power grids are required by law to sell excess power to neighboring grids in the event of a federally declared emergency
The District Court system and the High Court comprises the judicial branch of the government of Aeoa. There are 5 District Courts spanning the country, each one having jurisdiction over only their territory. However, since they are federal courts, the rulings passed down in each District Court affect all other jurisdictions. Each District Court consists of 3 Justices nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate. Each Justice serves a term of 9 years with a new position opening on each Court every 3 years. All District Courts appeal to the High Court and must ultimately abide by their decision. The High Court is the final and authoritative legal body in Aeoa. The High Court consists of 5 Justices who are nominated by the President of Aeoa and confirmed by the Senate. Each Justice serves a term of 15 years with a new position opening every 3 years.
Notable High Court Legislation
- Aenemian Liberties Union v. Nomadic Peoples of Aeoa
- Premise: Upon the outbreak of 4th's Rebellion, the Federal Assembly granted emergency powers to President Kazavon Ashjian which allowed him to legally suspend the writ of habeas corpus in affected areas, limit freedom of the press, reduce the legal requirements for search warrants, and try civilians in military courts. A small group of lawyers called the Aenemian Liberties Union sued the federal government on behalf of their clients to declare the powers unconstitutional under the First Constitution. Their clients were arrested in the District of Arsacid's capital, Soofi, on suspicion of being members of the Mozjian Legion. The Aeoan Intelligence Apparatus, predecessor to the Department of Homeland Security, secured phone calls without a warrant from the alleged Legion members to Legion leaders in Mozji exchanging coded messages. The alleged conspirators were subsequently arrested by the Aeoan Army and held without trial in a military facility for 40 days before they were formally charged with sedition, conspiracy to commit treason, and conspiracy to aid enemy combatants. The defendants were convicted in a military court and sentenced to fifteen years imprisonment. After the establishment of the District Court system, the prisoners appealed to the 5th District Court on the grounds that their civil rights were violated. The District Court upheld the conviction. The case was then appealed to the High Court.
- Issue: Since the defendants were not in an active combat zone when surveilled, arrested, detained, charged, tried, and convicted, were the defendants' rights violated by their warrantless surveillance, suspension of habeas corpus, lack of legal representation, and trial by military court?
- Result: The High Court ruled that although the defendants were not in an active combat zone, the initial intelligence gathered by the Aeoan Intelligence Apparatus was legally obtained and thus admissible in court, which allowed the organization to gather additional intelligence under probable cause. After the phone calls were seized as evidence, the AIA was able to officially designate the defendants as enemy combatants and referred their arrests to the Aeoan Army. Their designation as enemy combatants warranted a military trial, which found sufficient evidence to convict. The Court ruled that the use of the military court, as opposed to a criminal court, was legally sound due to the fact that the alleged crimes had been committed during an active conflict by officially designated enemy combatants. However, the High Court found that while the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus was constitutional in this case, the defendants' lack of representation was not. The Court ruled that while they could have been legally detained without charges until the end of the conflict, and therefore the end of emergency presidential powers, they could not appear before any court without representation. The Court reversed the prior rulings and ordered that the prisoners be released from prison.
- District of Gavarlo v. District of Urartu
- Premise: The Congress of Urartu passed the Textile Tax and Tariff Act, which imposed protective tariffs on cotton and wool items imported into Urartu from the neighboring District of Gavarlo. This was officially passed in order to protect Mozjian farmers. However, it was rumored that it was done in order to punish Gavarlo for its role in suppressing 4th's Rebellion within the District of Urartu. The District of Gavarlo challenged the constitutionality of the Act in the 2nd District Court. The District Court confirmed that Act's legality and the District of Gavarlo appealed the decision to the High Court.
- Issue: Can Districts pass laws that challenge the power of the Federal Assembly to regulate inter-District commerce?
- Result: The High Court reversed the lower court's ruling and struck down the law as unconstitutional, maintaining that only the Federal Assembly has the power to regulate commerce both within and without the federal boundaries of the state.
- Srabion Suzmeian v. City of Tufashem
- Premise: A man named Srabion Suzmeian was charged with three counts of robbery by the City of Tufashem. Suzmeian could not not afford an attorney for his defense and requested a temporary suspension of the case. The City of Tufashem denied the request and subsequently began the criminal trial. Suzmeian was convicted on all counts and an additional count of contempt of court as he refused to speak before the court without legal representation. His appeal was denied by the 5th District Court but referred to the High Court.
- Issue: Should personal finances play a role in the availability of adequate criminal defense on the part of the defendant?
- Result: The High Court ruled that the right to legal representation in a criminal trial is undeniable (precedent cited in Aenemian Liberties Union v. Nomadic Peoples of Aeoa), and that the state must provide defense counsel if the defendant is unable to procure counsel on their own. The lower court's ruling was reversed. The trial was remanded back to the City of Tufashem's local court and mandated that a public defender be appointed.
The sovereign territory of Aeoa is divided into 11 Federal Districts, each of which formerly contained a government system unique to that territory and the clans that inhabited it. However, the dissolution of the First Aeon Constitution and the passage of the Second Constitution re-established these Districts into the Republic with less autonomy than they previously held, with federal law directly superseding district law. As mandated by the Constitution, the head of state for each Federal District is democratically elected by all citizens over the age of 18 residing in that District. Each District contains its own legislative and judicial bodies, and elect a Governor as head of state to control the executive branch. After the enactment of the Second Constitution, the boundaries of several Federal Districts were re-drawn in order to eliminate the possibility of any tribal or clan group gaining outright control over the District.
|District Number||District Name||District Capital||Legislature||Governor||Political Party|
|1||Ararat||Vahan||Vahanese Congress||Taniel Hovnatanian||Federal Labor Party|
|2||Kapani||Chambarak||Congress of Chambarak||Tevan Haladjian||Federal Labor Party|
|3||Gavarlo||Sotk||Sotkan Parliament||Mirna Khachadurian||Democratic Unionist Party|
|4||Urartu||Mozji||Congress of Urartu||Noy Balian||People's Liberty Party|
|5||Kotaykum||Odzum||National Assembly||Sanasar Gorgodian||Conservative Party|
|6||Nakhchivan||Aravuz||District Parliament||Elise Muratian||Federal Labor Party|
|7||Sumgaiti||Koshku||Assembly of the People||Emmanouel Marashian||Democratic Unionist Party|
|8||Hrazda||Hakko||Grand Assembly||Selma Avakian||Democratic Unionist Party|
|9||Vanadzil||Vayk||National Council||Anais Aronyan||Conservative Party|
|10||Khor||Tufashem||Parliament of Tufashem||Emin Bedrosian||Federal Labor Party|
|11||Arsacid||Soofi||Legislative Council||Gharib Hovsepian||Federal Labor Party|
Republic of Nylosia
There are certain territories within Aeoa that are autonomous. The sparsely populated mountain region of Nylosi is one such example. Per a 1909 treaty between the Aenemian Confederation and the Nylosian rebels, the area of Nylosi fell under the jurisdiction of the Confederation but remained under the full control of the Nylosians. Trade was established with the area and Nylosians became citizens of the Confederation with the exception that they have non-voting representatives in the federal legislature), but only under the condition that they adhere to the basic human and political rights that the Confederation established in their Second Constitution. These rights were eventually enshrined in the First Aeoan Constitution and the treaty was honored by the federal government of Aeoa. Federal troops are currently prohibited in Nylosia except under explicit invitation from the autonomous Nylosian government.
Free City of Kesh
Kesh is what is known as "Free City", meaning that it is essentially a city-state. Kesh maintained its independence and neutrality in nearly all of Aeoa's conflicts, and established itself early on as a strong trading center. Due to its location on a plateau in what is now central Aeoa, Kesh became the center of many trade routes that spanned the valley. Kesh has asserted its continued independence through a public referendum that was held during the National Convention that established the Aeoan Constitution. The Provisional Government of Aeoa negotiated an agreement with the Assembly of Kesh that maintained autonomy for the city while also folding it into Aeoa's sphere of economic influence. According to the agreement, Keshites are born citizens of Aeoa and enjoy all the civil and political rights as established in the Constitution. They are also not subject to federal income taxes while residing within the city. However, Kesh may only send non-voting representatives to the federal legislature in Anemos. In addition, Aeoa may impose a sales tax within the city that does not exceed that of other cities in the country and may position no more than 1,000 military troops within the city.
Ministry of the Treasury
The Minister is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate, and serves at the pleasure of the President. The remainder of the Ministry staff, however, are career professionals who typically serve through several administrations as other federal employees do. The Treasury is responsible for disbursement of federal funds, the intake of federal taxes, and the management of debt and credit. The Federal Bank of Aeoa and the Aeoan Mint are under the direct authority of the Minister of the Treasury.
Federal Bank of Aeoa
The FBA was established in January 2021 with the consolidation of the nation's debts within the bank under the Second Constitution. It essentially serves as the Republic's bank account, with all federal money flowing through the bank. The Federal Bank may also issue loans so designated by the President with the approval of the Federal Assembly. Following 4th's Rebellion, the FBA was authorized through the Economic Reintegration Act to invest heavily in the infrastructure and agriculture industries in the hopes of speeding up the economic recovery of the nation. In addition, the Act provided low interest federal loans to residents whose homes were damaged or destroyed by the war. However, these loans were capped at ₺150,000 due to the sapped resources of the federal government at the time. All federal bank loans are insured by the Ministry of the Treasury.
The sole purpose of the Aeoan Mint is to produce official monetary notes for the Federal Republic.
Federal Reserve of the Republic
The Federal Reserve is responsible for ensuring that the Aeoan Lire (₺ or ALE) is backed by sufficient gold reserves, setting federal interest rates and managing the Anemian Mercantile Exchange. The Federal Reserve is managed by a seven person commission titled the Commission of the Federal Reserve in which the most senior commissioner, typically the Chairperson, is removed every four years. The President of Aeoa then appoints a new commissioner to serve. The Federal Reserve maintains the nation's gold reserves with assistance from the Aeoan Army at an undisclosed location.
Aenemian Mercantile Exchange
The Anemian Mercantile Exchange, which is under the authority of the Commission of the Federal Reserve, is located in the federal capital of Anemos and is an open market in which cooperating and competing companies may determine the real value of their commodities and stock shares. The market trades primarily in commodities such as agricultural products, manufactured materials such as steel, and mined minerals like gold. However, limited stock options are available for trade within the market. Do to the often volatile nature of stocks, the federal government greatly limits the types of stocks that may be bought or sold by setting strict standards for inclusion. The company that is selling the shares must be either located in Aeoa and a quarter of its employees must be Aeoan citizens. Additionally, the investments earned through trading must be directly invested within the company, eliminating a large sense of speculation on the market. Lastly, the shareholders must receive an annual dividend proportionate to the shares owned and that is directly correlated to the net revenue of the company.
Non-Federal Banking Systems
Each Federal District is authorized to establish a District Bank in which to manage and disburse District funds under the federal guidelines outlined in the Federal Banking Authority Act.
Commercial banks are permitted to be established in any Aeoan District as long as they adhere to Federal Banking Authority Act guidelines. This includes insuring their monetary reserves with the Federal Reserve of the Republic. The insurance paid to the Federal Reserve ensures that consumers will have a substantial amount of their money returned to them by the federal government in the case of bank closure or theft.
The Aeoan Armed Forces consists of the Army, Air Defense, and the Cavalry. Approximately 7.1% of Aeoa's federal budget is designated for defense spending. The Joint Military Council is comprised of leaders from each branch of the military including the Supreme General of the Aeoan Army, Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Defense, Cavalry Commander, and Minister of Defense. Additionally, the Secretary of the National Directorate of Security is also a member of the Council.
The Aeoan Army consists of approximately 400,000 active duty soldiers, with another 100,000 serving in the reserves. Due to the vast, open space and long range visibility in the country, the Aeoan Army extensively relies on tank and artillery use. The Tank Corps is organized as a sub-unit of the Army. The Army operates out of 6 known military bases in Aoea and often set up temporary bases on federal land for additional training exercises. A contingency of specially-trained Army troops, called Guardians, is sent to each overseas embassy for protection purposes.
The Air Defense consists almost exclusively of fighter jets capable of withstanding the limited oxygen in the high altitudes of the mountains of Aeoa. The Air Defense originally included bombers as well, but were later outlawed by the Aeoan Assembly on the grounds that having such capabilities only encouraged aggression beyond Aeoa's borders. In order to augment this and prepare for the possibility of warfare, the Air Defense has outfitted its jet fighters with cruise missiles. Aeoan fighter jets routinely perform sweeps of their international borders, and are responsible for intercepting unknown aircraft. Approximately one-third of Aeoan Armed Forces military installations have runways available to Air Defense units.
Due to Aeoa's long tradition of remarkable horsemanship, the Cavalry was organized as a separate entity from the Aeoan Army. However, horseback soldiers have largely been kept due to tradition and a greater focus has been on helicopters and armored vehicles within the Cavalry. The Cavalry is mainly responsible for border patrol and customs enforcement, trade route and highway protection, and limited occupation of autonomous zones when permitted. Cavalry units have been sparingly activated during times of civil unrest in order prevent or quell rioting due to the federal ban on district armies.
The Aeoan Navy, formally known as the Naval Forces of the Republic, was established in June 2021 when the seaside territory of Uclen was purchased from Bacloistan. Uclen remains the only naval base available to the Aeoan Navy, although the Aeoan government has made overtures to overseas allies for access to their harbors in order to protect Aeoan trade interests. The shipyards of Uclen remain in constant production, with the nation's first battleships set to be operational by 2024. Until then, Aeoa has purchased older destroyer models from its allies in order to provide defense of the base.
The people of Aeoa are largely homogeneous, with approximately 83% being ethnic Aeoans. However, another 4% of the total population is represented by the people of the autonomous region of Nylosia. 11% of Aeoans belong to neither of these ethnic groups. This grouping of the population represents people with ancestries beyond Aeoa's borders. The majority of these individuals are immigrants related to the country's foreign trade, while a smaller portion of them are refugees from neighboring countries that have experienced humanitarian crises. 2% of Aeoa residents consider themselves a mixture of two or more of these ethnic groups, although this percentage is steadily growing.
Due to centuries of isolation, Aeoa consists of only two major ethnic groups: Aeoans (83%) and Nylosians (4%). However, around 11% of the population does not identify with either of these groups and instead descends from areas surrounding Aeoa. The number of mixed-ethnicity or mixed-race individuals in the country is steadily rising from its current 2% of the population. It is expected that by 2030 approximately 10% of Aeoans will be considered mixed-race or mixed-ethnicity.
The Aeoan language makes up a large portion of the languages spoken in the country. Approximately 93 percent of Aeoan residents speak as their native language, with an additional 5% speaking Aeoan as their second language. Only 2% of residents do not speak any Aeoan. Nylosians maintain that the language they speak is completely separate from modern Aeoan, but it is in fact a dialect of Aeoan with a small mixture of the Proto-Nylos language. Over time, Aeoa's cultural influence seeping into the Proto-Nylos language and hardly any residents speak it in its purest form today. Both languages use the same alphabet, sentence structure, and grammar. For the most part, Aeoans and Nylosians can easily understand each others' speech.
The majority of religious Aeoans participate in traditional Aeoan religions, which includes varying rituals and beliefs spanning the different tribes that inhabited Aeoa. Each "sect", although there are no clearly defined divisions within the religion as there are far too many variants to count, contains differing numbers of deities ranging from dozens to none. These gods are typically related to nature in the same way Celtic gods were once. All major religions are represented on a small scale in Aeoa. However, the majority of Aeoans describe themselves as non-religious.
Much of Aeoan culture revolves around the national animal, the mustang. The Aeoan Mustang, which is plentiful within the valley, has traditionally been the main food source for Aeoans, although the recent influx of imported foods has created a more varied diet for Aeoans. Until the recent expansion of public transit within major population centers and the Inter-District Railway connecting them to each other, most Aeoans travelled by horse.
- 15 January - Inauguration Day; This is the day in which new political leaders of the executive branch are sworn into office. New officials in the legislative branch are sworn into office two days prior.
- 17 May - Day of the Republic; This holiday celebrates the ratification of the Second Constitution and the official end of 4th's Rebellion, which resulted in the reorganization of Aeoa from a Confederation into a Federal Republic.
- 6 September - Founding Day; This holiday celebrates the union of all Aeoan states into what was known as The Nomadic Peoples of Aeoa, binding together all the previously disparate states into a single union for the first time.
- 17 November - Social Liberal Union Day; This holiday celebrates the emigration of the nation from The Democratic Commonwealth into the Social Liberal Union, of which Aeoa has remained a loyal, active, and productive member.
- 1 December - Election Day; This is the day in which Aeoans vote for their candidates for political office. There is a federal mandate that all business offer at least one paid two-hour period in which eligible employees can go vote. This mandate subsidizes business for this lost production with federal tax credits. Voting locations are open from 6 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Most of the country of Aeoa is located within a valley surrounded on all sides by the Kensatu Mountains. The average elevation of Aeoa is around 1,800 meters above sea level. It is possible that the area once hosted a volcano due to the inexplicable valley at such a high elevation, as well as due to the abundance of fertile soil that may have been created by volcanic ash. The majority of Aeoa's fresh water supply comes from rivers formed by snow melt that descends from the mountains. Most Aeoans supplement this water source by collecting rainwater, although the federal government now collects a majority of the nation's water.
In its early history, much of the Aeoan economies relied heavily on horse breeding and sheep herding. A smaller portion of the area's economies were based on mining the large limestone deposits in the western mountain ranges. However, the current Federal Republic's economy is based largely on the manufacturing of steel and tourism, thanks in large part to the Ministry of Cultural Heritage's aggressive regional advertisement campaigns and the growing infrastructure system that includes highways, bullet trains, and multiple international airports. Since it's founding, Aeoa has developed numerous international border crossings and a modern infrastructure system which can handle much more use than is currently capable by the Aeoan population.
It has been the policy of previous presidential administrations, which have received strong support from the majority liberal Federal Assembly, to maintain existing and seek out new international free trade agreements with Aeoa's neighbors. While Aeoa has yet to join any international organization that allows for the completely free movement of goods and people over international borders, Aeoa has some of the loosest border restrictions in the region. The Aeoan Cavalry does, however, monitor international border crossings and is responsible for confiscating smuggled goods. Thanks to its mountainous borders and its open valleys, unauthorized persons are easily captured and deported by the Aeoan Cavalry.
The domestic economic policy of Aeoa is much more involved. The federal government frequently invests its tax funds back into the Aeoan economy in order to boost economic output and maintain stable growth. Aeoa remains a capitalist country, but regulations are often put into place to prevent the exploitation of vulnerable groups. Currently that government owns approximately 7% of Aeoan industries and makes up over 60% of the Aeoan economy. However, the current administration led by the Democratic Unionist Party is seeking to reduce government ownership of industries and bolster privately-owned businesses by offering tax incentives and education programs to increase competitiveness with foreign companies.
Before the establishment of the Federal Republic, the majority of transportation involved horses. Aeoans either rode horseback or in carriages for longer distances along dirt pathways. Before the founding of the Federal Republic, only 11% of Aeoa's roads were paved. However, the recent government investments in infrastructure have drastically improved the quality of roads in the country and have added more than 3,000 kilometers of roadways. In addition to this, the Inter-District Railway links to each District capital, as well as Anemos and Kesh. Public transit has also been implemented within many of the major cities. Aeoans now have the unprecedented ability to safely travel to virtually any corner of their country.
2020 Economic Boom
Shortly following the establishment of Aeoa as a Federal Republic, the economy of Aeoa dramatically increased. Although the nation maintained a strong and stable economy since its initial founding, Aeoa has recently experienced an explosion of economic activity with the economy growing by as much as 20% in only a few months. Economists have attributed this to two factors: 1.) The increased authority of the federal government granted by the Second Constitution has allowed standardization within industries, opened and protected borders between Federal Districts, and created an expansive and modern infrastructure system that facilitates trade and commerce. 2.) Legislation passed in the World Assembly has promoted more standardization through international economic and industry guilds, fair monetary exchange regulations, free trade practices, stronger intellectual property laws, and safer international transportation of goods.