Offences and Sentencing Act

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Offences and Sentencing Act
CitationA-24
Enacted byOpen Parliament
Date enacted11 May 2017
Legislative history
Introduced on21 April 2017
Introduced byAnaaxes
Voting began4 May 2017
Required majoritySimple majority
Vote results9 Yea, 0 Nay, 0 Abstain[1]
Amendments
Aa-1, Aa-2, Aa-3
Text as originally enacted
Status: In force

This Act defines common offences, establishes an offence classification system, and provides for maximum sentences depending on the severity of the offence. This Act also serves as the statute of limitations for regional law, and codifies essential sentencing procedures and protections.

Contents

Article 1. General Provisions

Section 1. Effective date

This Act shall only go into effect if and when a third Constitution of the Social Liberal Union is passed by the Open Parliament.

Section 2. Repeal of Illegal Activities Act

The Illegal Activities Act (A-2) is hereby repealed in its entirety.

Section 3. Other offences beyond this Act

Other offences may exist beyond this Act, and this Act is not an exclusive or exhaustive list of offences in the Social Liberal Union.

Section 4. Conflict of laws

In the event of a conflict of a definition of an offence or its associated maximum penalty in this Act and another Act of Parliament, the one most recently enacted shall prevail, unless it would result in an ex post facto application. Provided, if the definition of an offence in less recently enacted legislation is more relevant to a particular prosecution, prosecutors may seek conviction under that less recently enacted definition with leave of the Court, but shall prosecute for at maximum the offence class in the most recent legislation.

Section 5. Executive orders

No executive order may alter the definition of offenses or maximum penalties established by Act of Parliament, and an executive order may only create a new offense with an associated maximum penalty of class 1 for Member States, or up to class 3 for non-Member States. The Cabinet may only create such an offense if it determines it be necessary for the security of the region, unless otherwise provided for by law. However, an offense created by the Cabinet may have associated coercive and remedial provisions, if appropriate.

Clause 1. Any state convicted of an offense created by the Cabinet shall have such conviction expunged upon expiry of the executive order creating the offense, unless the Open Parliament explicitly authorizes the continued existence of that offense with an Act of Parliament.

Article 2. Sentencing and Maximum Penalties

Section 1. Offence classifications and maximum penalties

The Court of Justice may sentence States depending on the class of the offence(s) they have been duly convicted of, in accordance with the following maximum penalties schedule:

Class Ejection from the region Ban from the region Ban on voting in the Open Parliament Ban on posting messages in all or just certain sections of the forum Ban on using the Personal Message system of the forum Ban on writing messages on the Regional Message Board Removal from non-elected office(s) Ordering of a recall election if holding elected office Suspension of powers of elected officer pending a recall election Ban on standing for election or being appointed to office Expulsion from regional order(s) of honour
1 No No 1 week 2 weeks 2 weeks 2 weeks No No No No No
2 Yes No 3 weeks 1 month 1 month 1 month No No No No No
3 Yes 1 month 1 month 2 months 2 months 2 months Yes No No 1 month No
4 Yes 3 months 3 months 3 months 3 months 3 months Yes Yes No 3 months Yes
5 Yes 6 months 7 months 6 months 6 months 6 months Yes Yes Yes 8 months Yes
6 Yes Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Indefinite Yes Yes Yes Indefinite Yes

Section 2. Discretion

The Court shall sentence States as it deems reasonable and fair, taking into account the nature and severity of the offence(s) the State in question is convicted of, and any aggravating or mitigating factors in addition to the totality of the circumstances.

Section 3. Concurrent and consecutive sentences

If a State is convicted of and sentenced for more than one offence, the Court may order that the sentences run concurrently, with the longest sentence being the total sentence. The Court may instead order that the sentences run consecutively, with the length of all the sentences being the total length. However, consecutive sentences shall last no longer than 1 year, except if that State in question has been convicted of a class 6 offence.

Section 4. Special procedure for elected officeholders

Should an incumbent directly-elected officer of the Social Liberal Union be convicted of an offence, they may not sentenced to ejection or ban, unless after removal as a result of a recall election or when they otherwise leave office. However, if the State is not removed from office, the Court may order an additional month ban on voting in the Open Parliament and ban them for standing for election or appointment to future offices for an additional two months.

Section 5. Indeterminate sentences

The Court may sentence States conditionally, with sentences ended early at the discretion of the Court with good behavior or upon satisfying other reasonable conditions. Provided, the use of language in the original sentence suggesting that that sentence was not dependent upon the sentenced state's behavior shall not preclude the Court from ending a sentence early for good behavior.

Section 6. Offences or crimes which lack a classification

If any offence or crime defined by any law lacks an offence classification as provided by Section 1 of this Article, they shall be considered a class 1 offence.

Section 7. Forum ban sentence exception

A complete or partial forum ban as part of a sentence shall not preclude a defendant to post in the appropriate judicial section in matters related to their case, or in other sections with the leave of the Court.

Section 8. Prosecution for lesser class of offense

The officer prosecuting a state or states shall have the discretion to, in the relevant indictment or in subsequent statements prior to voting on conviction, notify the Court that it seeks conviction for a lower class of offense than is statutorily set.

Article 3. Statute of Limitations

Section 1. Class 1 to 2 offences

No State may be prosecuted for a class 1 or 2 offence unless said prosecution was commenced within 3 months of the date of the offence.

Section 2. Class 3 to 4 offences

No State may be prosecuted for a class 3 or 4 offence unless said prosecution was commenced within 7 months of the date of the offence.

Section 3. Class 5 offences

No State may be prosecuted for a class 5 offence unless said prosecution was commenced within 1 year of the date of the offence.

Section 4. Class 6 offences

A State may be prosecuted for a class 6 offence regardless of any length of time since the date of the offence.

Section 5. Exception for fraud upon the Court

No class 1 to 5 offence related to fraud upon the Court of Justice by officers of the Court or a prosecutor of the Social Liberal Union in the course of their official duties shall be subject to any statute of limitation.

Section 6. Continuing-violations doctrine

If a State commits a series of related offences, the limitation period may begin to run from the last act in the series. The Court may rule on this matter on a case-by-case basis.

Article 4. Parties to Offences

Section 1. Principals

Any State concerned in the commission of an offence, and whether they directly commit the act constituting the offence, or aid and abet in its commission, or, not being present, have advised and encouraged its commission, or which, by threats, menaces, command, or coercion, compel another State to commit any offence, are principals in any offence so committed, and may be subject to prosecution under any Section of this Act or another law which defines an offence, and be fully subject to such penalties as permitted by its respective offence classification.

Section 2. Accessories

Any State which, after an offence has been committed, harbors, conceals or aids a principal in such offence, with the intent that said principal may avoid or escape from trial, conviction or punishment, having knowledge that said principal has committed such offence or has been charged with such offence or convicted thereof, is an accessory to such offence, and may be subject to prosecution under any Section of this Act or another law which defines an offence, and be subject to no more than half of such penalties as permitted by its respective offence classification.

Article 5. Offences Related to the Sovereignty of the Social Liberal Union

Section 1. Treason

Any State which holds a public office or position of trust under the Social Liberal Union, and then levies war or invasion against it, adheres to its enemies, or gives them aid and comfort, may be subject to prosecution for a class 6 offence.

Section 2. Rebellion or insurrection

Any State which incites, assists, or engages in any rebellion or insurrection against the lawful authority of the Social Liberal Union or the laws or Constitution thereof, may be subject to prosecution for a class 6 offence.

Section 3. Seditious conspiracy

Any State which conspires with at least one other State or organization to overthrow, put down, or to destroy by force the government of the Social Liberal Union, to levy war against them, to oppose by force the authority thereof, or by force to prevent, hinder, or delay the execution of the Constitution or any law of the Social Liberal Union, or by force to seize, take, or possess any property of the Social Liberal Union contrary to the authority thereof, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 4. Advocating overthrow of the lawful and legitimate regional government

Any State which knowingly or willfully advocates, abets, advises, or teaches the duty, necessity, desirability, or propriety of overthrowing or destroying the lawful and legitimate government of the Social Liberal Union, by force; or

Publishes, edits, issues, circulates, distributes, or publicly displays any written matter advocating, advising, or teaching the duty, necessity, desirability, or propriety of overthrowing or destroying the lawful and legitimate government of the Social Liberal Union by force, or attempts to do so; or

Organizes, helps, or attempts to organize any society, group, or assembly of States which teach, advocate, or encourage the overthrow or destruction of the lawful and legitimate government of the Social Liberal Union by force; or becomes or is a member of, or directly affiliates with, any such society, group, or assembly of States, knowing the purposes thereof, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 5. Ejection or banning of the lawful Delegate or Delegate-elect

Any State which ejects or bans the lawful Delegate or Delegate-elect may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence, or, if such act was done with malicious or corrupt intent, or results in an invasion (or attempted invasion) against the Social Liberal Union, may be subject to prosecution for a class 6 offence.

Clause 1. This Section shall be inoperative in cases where a Delegate is ejected or banned by the Founder or other officer authorized by the Court of Justice due to the Delegate unlawfully using the powers of the delegacy to obstruct or attempt to obstruct justice following their conviction for an offence against the Social Liberal Union.

Article 6. Offences Related to Officers of the Social Liberal Union

Section 1. Bribery of a public official

Any State which directly or indirectly, corruptly gives, offers or promises any thing or service of value to any public official (which includes a State which has been selected to be a public official), or offers or promises any public official to give anything of value to any other State or entity, with intent: (a) to influence any official act; or (b) to influence such public official to commit or aid in committing, or collude in, or allow, any fraud, or make opportunity for the commission of any fraud, on the Social Liberal Union; or (c) to induce such public official to do or omit to do any act in violation of the lawful duty of such official, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 2. Bribery as a public official

Any public official (which includes a State which has been selected to be a public official) which directly or indirectly, corruptly demands, seeks, receives, accepts, or agrees to receive or accept any thing or service of value for themselves or for any other State or entity, in return for: (a) being influenced in the performance of any official act; (b) being influenced to commit or aid in committing, or to collude in, or allow, any fraud, or make opportunity for the commission of any fraud, on the Social Liberal Union; or (c) being induced to do or omit to do any act in violation of the official duty of such official, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 3. Extortion as an officer of the Social Liberal Union

Any State which, as an officer of the Social Liberal Union, or representing themselves to be or assuming to act as such, under color or pretense of office commits or attempts an act of extortion, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 4. Interference with an officer of the Social Liberal Union

Any State which interferes with any officer of the Social Liberal Union while such officer is engaged in or on account of the performance of official duties, or any State assisting such an officer in the performance of such duties or on account of that assistance while that State is engaged in, or on account of the performance of official duties, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 5. Conspiracy to impede an officer of the Social Liberal Union

Any State which conspires with at least one other State or organization to prevent, by force, intimidation, or threat, any State from accepting or holding any public office, trust, or place of confidence under the Social Liberal Union, or from discharging any duties thereof, or while engaged in the lawful discharge thereof, to damage their property so as to molest, interrupt, hinder, or impede them in the discharge of their official duties, may be subject to prosecution for a class 3 offence.

Section 6. False representation as an officer of the Social Liberal Union

Any State which falsely assumes or pretends to be an officer acting under the authority of the Social Liberal Union, and acts as such, or in such pretended character demands, or unrightfully obtains or attempts to obtain any privileged access, information, document, or any other thing or service of value, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 7. Refusing to update forum permissions or rank

Any State which intentionally refuses to update the forum permissions or forum rank of a lawfully-entitled user after a reasonable amount of time, and after being reasonably notified of such obligation, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 8. Refusing to relinquish forum permissions or forum rank

Any State which intentionally refuses to relinquish forum permissions or forum rank once they are no longer lawfully entitled to such permission or rank, and after being reasonably notified of such fact, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 9. Deleting, disabling, or banning a forum user account

Any State which intentionally or maliciously deletes, disables, or bans a forum user account to prevent, hinder, or disrupt the business of the Social Liberal Union, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 10. Malfeasance in office

Any State which, as an officer of the Social Liberal Union, through gross ignorance, gross inattention, or malice, commits an act or omission for which they had no legal right to do at all, or, acts without any legal authority whatsoever, or exceeds, ignores, or abuses their powers, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Article 7. Offences Related to Public Justice

Section 1. Bribery of a witness

Any State which directly or indirectly, corruptly gives, offers, or promises any thing or service of value to any State, or offers or promises such State to give any thing or service of value to any other State or entity, with intent to influence the testimony under oath or affirmation of such first-mentioned State as a witness upon a trial, hearing, or other proceeding, before the Court of Justice, or any body or officer authorized by the laws of the Social Liberal Union to hear evidence or take testimony, or with intent to influence such State to absent themself therefrom, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 2. Bribery as a witness

Any State which directly or indirectly, corruptly demands, seeks, receives, accepts, or agrees to receive or accept any thing or service of value for themselves or for any other State or entity in return for being influenced in testimony under oath or affirmation as a witness upon any such trial, hearing, or other proceeding, or in return for absenting themself therefrom, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 3. Influencing a State in any judicial matter or proceeding generally

Any State which, corruptly, or by threats or force, or by any threatening communication, endeavors to influence, intimidate, or impede any officer of the Court of Justice or any party to any case or matter before the Court of Justice; or

Corruptly or by threats or force, or by any threatening communication, influences, obstructs, or impedes, or endeavors to influence, obstruct, or impede, the due administration of justice, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 4. Theft or alteration of judicial records

Any State which steals, removes, alters, or falsifies any record, writ, process, or other proceeding, in or of the Court of Justice, whereby any judgment, decree, rule, or order is reversed, made void, or does not take effect, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 5. Obstruction of court orders

Any State which, by threats or force, willfully prevents, obstructs, impedes, or interferes with, or willfully attempts to prevent, obstruct, impede, or interfere with, the due exercise of rights or the performance of duties under any order, judgment, or decree of the Court of Justice, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 6. Obstruction of judicial investigations

Any State which willfully endeavors by means of bribery, deceit, fraud, threats, or force to obstruct, delay, or prevent the communication of information relating to a violation or reasonable suspicion of a violation of any law of the Social Liberal Union by any State to a prosecutor or investigator of the Social Liberal Union, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 7. Perjury generally

Any State which, takes an oath or affirmation before a competent body or officer, in any case in which a law or rule of court of the Social Liberal Union authorizes an oath or affirmation to be administered, that they will testify, declare, depose, or certify truly, or that any written testimony, declaration, deposition, or certificate subscribed by them, is true, and then willfully and contrary to such oath or affirmation States or subscribes any material matter which they do not believe to be true; or

Willfully subscribes any declaration, certificate, verification, or statement under penalty of perjury, as permitted by law or by a rule of court, as true any material matter which they do not believe to be true, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 9. Circumvention of a judicial sentence

Any State, which after having been sentenced by the Court of Justice according to law, and circumvents or attempts to circumvent any lawful judicial sentence, via alternate nations or accounts, or through other means, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Article 8. Offences Related to Individual States

Section 1. Misprision of an offence

Any State which has knowledge of the actual commission of a class 5 or 6 offence, and conceals and does not as soon as possible make known the same to the Open Parliament or any officer of the Social Liberal Union, may be subject to prosecution for a class 3 offence.

Section 2. Conspiracy to commit an offence against or to defraud the Social Liberal Union

Any State which conspires with at least one other State or organization either to commit an offence against the Social Liberal Union, or to defraud the Social Liberal Union, in any manner or for any purpose, and one or more of such States or organizations do any act to effect the object of the conspiracy, may be subject to prosecution for a class 3 offence.

Section 3. False representation as a Member State of the Social Liberal Union

Any State which, with intent to defraud or deceive within the Social Liberal Union, falsely and willfully represents themself to be a Member State of the Social Liberal Union, may be subject to prosecution for a class 2 offence.

Section 4. Extortion generally

Any State which extorts any valuable service or thing from another State, by means of force, or any threat, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 5. Blackmail

Any State which, under a threat of informing, or as a consideration for not informing, against any violation of any law of the Social Liberal Union, demands or receives any valuable service or thing, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 6. Receiving the proceeds of extortion

Any State which knowingly and willingly receives, possesses, conceals, or disposes of any valuable service or thing which was obtained from the commission of any act of extortion, may be subject to prosecution for a class 3 offence.

Section 7. Forgery or counterfeiting of signatures or seals generally

Any State which, with the intent to defraud, counterfeits or forges the seal or signature of another State, knowing that they have no authority to do so, may be subject to prosecution for a class 2 offence.

Section 8. Forgery, counterfeit, and fraudulent use of seals, flags, or insignia of the Social Liberal Union

Any State which, with intent to defraud, forges, or counterfeits a seal, flag, or other insignia of the Social Liberal Union, or any other public seal, flag, or other insignia authorized or recognized by law, or who falsely makes, forges, or counterfeits any impression purporting to be an impression of any such seal, flag, or other insignia, or who has under their control any such counterfeited seal, flag, or other insignia or impression thereof, knowing it to be counterfeited, and willfully conceals the same, may be subject to prosecution for a class 2 offence.

Section 9. Display of seals, flags, or insignia of the Social Liberal Union

Any State which knowingly displays any likeness of a seal, flag, or other insignia of the Social Liberal Union, or any other public seal, flag, or other insignia authorized or recognized by law, in, or in connection with, any publication, post, or document, for the purpose of conveying, or in a manner reasonably calculated to convey, a false impression of sponsorship or approval by the Government of the Social Liberal Union or by any ministry or agency thereof, may be subject to prosecution for a class 2 offence.

Section 10. False, fictitious or, fraudulent claims generally

Any State which makes or presents to any officer in service of the Social Liberal Union, any claim upon or against the Social Liberal Union, knowing such claim to be false, fictitious, or fraudulent, may be subject to prosecution for a class 3 offence.

Section 11. Regional orders of merit or awards

Any State which, with intent to obtain property, privileged information, or another benefit, falsely and fraudulently holds themself out to be a recipient of an award, medal, or order of merit authorized by law, may be subject to prosecution for a class 2 offence.

Section 12. Legislative plagiarism

Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, the authors of bills shall enjoy the exclusive right to their work for the first 30 days after its creation, and, any State which plagiarizes said bill, without the express permission of the author, during the 30 day timeframe for the purposes of sending it before the Open Parliament themselves, may be subject to prosecution for a class 1 offence. Any legislation introduced or passed in violation of this Section during the 30 day timeframe shall be illegal and void.

Section 13. Unauthorized use of an original and unique flag created by another State

Any State which, after being reasonably warned, refuses to remove a national flag, of an original, unique, and non-default design, created by another Member State in the Social Liberal Union, but used without their authorization, may be subject to prosecution for a class 1 offence for the first violation, and for a class 2 offence for any subsequent violations.

Article 9. Offences Related to Property of the Social Liberal Union

Section 1. Public property or records generally

Any State which embezzles, steals, or knowingly converts to his use or the use of another, or without authority, sells, conveys or disposes of any record or thing of value of the Social Liberal Union; or

Receives, conceals, or retains the same with intent to convert it to their use or gain, knowing it to have been embezzled, stolen, or converted, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 2. Disclosure of confidential information generally

Any State, being an officer of the Social Liberal Union or of any ministry or agency thereof, publishes, divulges, discloses, or makes known in any manner or to any extent not authorized by law any information coming to them in the course of their official duties or by reason of any examination or investigation made by, any report or record made to or filed with, such ministry or agency or officer thereof, which information concerns or relates to investigations, informants, sealed judicial records, and confidential but not classified ministerial or Cabinet records, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 3. Unauthorized removal and retention of classified documents, material, or information

Any State, being an officer of the Social Liberal Union, and, by virtue of their office, becomes possessed of documents or materials containing classified information of the Social Liberal Union, knowingly removes such documents or materials without authority and with the intent to retain such documents or materials at an unauthorized location may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 4. Delivering defense information to aid a foreign regional government or organization

Any State, with intent or reason to believe that it is to be used to the injury of the Social Liberal Union or to the advantage of a foreign regional government or organization, communicates, delivers, or transmits, or attempts to communicate, deliver, or transmit, to any foreign regional government or organization, or to any faction or party or military or intelligence force thereof, whether recognized or unrecognized by the Social Liberal Union, or to any representative, officer, agent, employee, subject, or citizen thereof, either directly or indirectly, any document, writing, photograph, plan, note, or information relating to the regional defense, may be subject to prosecution for a class 6 offence.

Section 5. Transmitting or losing defense information

Any State, lawfully having possession of, access to, control over, or being entrusted with any document, writing, photograph, plan, or note relating to the regional defense, or information relating to the regional defense which information the possessor has reason to believe could be used to the injury of the Social Liberal Union or to the advantage of any foreign region or organization, willfully communicates, delivers, transmits or causes to be communicated, delivered, or transmitted or attempts to communicate, deliver, transmit or cause to be communicated, delivered or transmitted the same to any State not entitled to receive it, or willfully retains the same and fails to deliver it on demand to the officer of the Social Liberal Union entitled to receive it; or

Any State having unauthorized possession of, access to, or control over any document, writing, photograph, plan, or note relating to the regional defense, or information relating to the regional defense which information the possessor has reason to believe could be used to the injury of the Social Liberal Union or to the advantage of any foreign region or organization, willfully communicates, delivers, transmits or causes to be communicated, delivered, or transmitted, or attempts to communicate, deliver, transmit or cause to be communicated, delivered, or transmitted the same to any State not entitled to receive it, or willfully retains the same and fails to deliver it to the officer of the Social Liberal Union entitled to receive it; or

Any State, being entrusted with or having lawful possession or control of any document, writing, photograph, plan, note, or information, relating to the regional defense, (1) through gross negligence permits the same to be removed from its proper place of custody or delivered to anyone in violation of their trust, or to be lost, stolen, abstracted, or destroyed, or (2) having knowledge that the same has been illegally removed from its proper place of custody or delivered to anyone in violation of its trust, or lost, or stolen, abstracted, or destroyed, and fails to make prompt report of such loss, theft, abstraction, or destruction to their superior officer or to the World Assembly Delegate or the Cabinet, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 6. Disclosure of classified information

Any State which knowingly and willfully communicates, furnishes, transmits, or otherwise makes available to an unauthorized State, or publishes, or uses in any manner prejudicial to the safety or interest of the Social Liberal Union or for the benefit of any foreign regional government or organization to the detriment of the or regional government website any classified information (1) concerning the intelligence activities of the Social Liberal Union or any foreign regional government or organization; or (2) obtained by the processes of communication intelligence from the communications of any foreign regional government or organization, knowing the same to have been obtained by such processes, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 7. Concealment, removal, or mutilation generally

Any State which willfully and unlawfully conceals, removes, mutilates, obliterates, or destroys, or attempts to do so, or, with intent to do so remove away any record, proceeding, document, or other data, filed or deposited with any judicial, legislative, executive officer of the Social Liberal Union; or

Having the custody of any such record, proceeding, document, or other data, willfully and unlawfully conceals, removes, mutilates, obliterates, falsifies, or destroys the same, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 8. Maliciously causing forum or regional government website downtime

Any State which maliciously or intentionally leaves the forum or any regional government website in maintenance mode for an unreasonable period of time, crashes or attempts to crash via any means, or otherwise causes or attempts to cause the forum to malfunction, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 9. Deletion of the forum

Any State which, without being authorized by law, deletes the forum via the forum administrator account or by any other means, may be subject to prosecution for a class 6 offence.

Section 10. Disclosure or misuse of the Social Liberal Union API key

Any State which has possession or knowledge of the API key assigned to the Social Liberal Union, and then discloses it to any organization or State other than a member of the Cabinet or a former elected Delegate, without the authorization of the Delegate or the Cabinet, or, any State which, knowingly or through gross negligence, violates API rules while using the Social Liberal Union API key and causes the Social Liberal Union to be subject to sanctions, may be subject to prosecution for a class 3 offence, or, for a class 6 offence if such conduct results in the deletion of the Social Liberal Union or its lawful Delegate or Founder.

Section 11. Destruction, mutilation, or removal of records belonging to public offices

Any State whose office is abolished by law, or which, after the expiration of the time for which they may be appointed or elected, or after they have resigned or been legally removed from office, willfully and unlawfully: Mutilates, destroys, or takes away the records, files, documents, or other writings appertaining or belonging to their office; or Withholds or detains from their successor, or other State entitled thereto, the records, files, documents, or other writings appertaining or belonging to their office, may be subject to prosecution for a class 3 offence.

Clause 1. Any lawfully-entitled Member State may petition the Court of Justice for injunctive relief to recover such records, files, documents, or other writings appertaining or belonging to that office.

Article 10. Offences Related to Voting and Political Activities

Section 1. Voting by disenfranchised States

Any State which, as a Non-member State or other disenfranchised State, knowingly casts a vote or ballot in any vote or election authorized by law in the Open Parliament, may be subject to prosecution for a class 3 offence.

Section 2. Voting fraud generally

Any State which dilutes valid ballots with invalid ones (ballot stuffing), knowingly renders false tabulations of votes, or willfully prevents valid voter registrations or votes from being given effect in any election or vote authorized by law, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 3. Coercion of regional political activity

Any State which intimidates, threatens, or coerces, or attempts to intimidate, threaten, or coerce, any Member State with voting rights in the Social Liberal Union, to engage in, or not to engage in, any political activity, including, but not limited to, voting or refusing to vote for or against any candidate or measure in any election or vote authorized by law, or working or refusing to work on behalf of any candidate, may be subject to prosecution for a class 5 offence.

Section 4. Coercion of World Assembly political activity

Any State which intimidates, threatens, or coerces, or attempts to intimidate, threaten, or coerce, any World Assembly Member State in the Social Liberal Union, to engage in, or not to engage in, any political activity, including, but not limited to, voting or refusing to vote for or against any proposal or resolution in any vote before the World Assembly, or working or refusing to work on behalf of any World Assembly campaign, may be subject to prosecution for a class 3 offence.

Section 5. Promise of appointment by a candidate

Any State which, as a candidate for a public office under the Social Liberal Union, directly or indirectly promises or pledges the appointment, or the use of their influence or support for the appointment of any State to any public position for the purpose of procuring support in their candidacy, may be subject to prosecution for a class 1 offence.

Section 6. Offer to procure appointive public office

Any State which offers or promises any service or thing of value, to any State or organization in consideration of the use or promise to use any influence to procure any appointive office under the Social Liberal Union for any State, may be subject to prosecution for a class 3 offence.

Section 7. Interference in voting by officers of the Social Liberal Union

Any State which, as an officer of the Social Liberal Union, unduly uses their official authority for the purpose of maliciously or unfairly interfering with any vote authorized by law in the Open Parliament, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Article 11. Offences Related to Foreign Relations

Section 1. False representation as a foreign diplomat, consul, or officer

Any State which, with intent to defraud or deceive within the Social Liberal Union, falsely assumes or pretends to be a diplomat, consul, or other officer of a foreign government or organization duly accredited as such to the Social Liberal Union and acts as such, or in such pretended character, demands, or unrightfully obtains or attempts to obtain any privileged access, information, document, or any other thing or service of value, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 2. False statements influencing foreign regional governments or foreign organizations

Any State which, in relation to any dispute or controversy between a foreign regional government or organization and the Social Liberal Union, knowingly makes any untrue statement, which the State has knowledge or reason to believe will, or may be used to influence the measures or conduct of any foreign regional government or organization, or of any officer or agent thereof, to the injury of the Social Liberal Union, or with a view or intent to influence any measure of or action by the Social Liberal Union or any ministry or agency thereof, to the injury of the Social Liberal Union, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 3. Correspondence or communications with foreign regional governments or foreign organizations

Any State which, without the authority of the Social Liberal Union, directly or indirectly commences or carries on any correspondence, communications, or intercourse with any foreign regional government or foreign organization, with intent to influence the measures or conduct of any foreign regional government or foreign organization in relation to any disputes or controversies with the Social Liberal Union, or to defeat the measures of the Social Liberal Union, may be subject to prosecution for a class 4 offence.

Section 4. Invasion against an allied region or allied organization of regions

Any State which, without authority of the Social Liberal Union, knowingly commences or takes part in any invasion against a legitimate government of any foreign allied region or foreign allied organization of regions, may be subject to prosecution for a class 6 offence.