Second Constitution of the Social Liberal Union

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Second Constitution of the
Social Liberal Union
1st Constitution 3rd Constitution
Enacted by Open Parliament
Date enacted 22 August 2012
(5 years ago)
 (2012-08-22)
Date repealed 20 May 2017
(8 months ago)
 (2017-05-20)
Legislative history
Introduced on 22 June 2012
Introduced by Azerzia
Voting began 4 August 2012
Required majority Two-thirds
Vote results 10 Yea, 3 Nay, 2 Abstain
Status: Superseded

Preamble

Understanding that the Social Liberal Union is a region dedicated to democracy, social welfare and civil rights, the Social Liberal Union seeks to further those aims within itself and, by example, across the world. Also understanding that the region has pre-existing laws and traditions, the Social Liberal Union seeks to replace and codify those into a cohesive, logical form. In line with these two goals, the nations of the Social Liberal Union establish this Constitution.

Article 1. States residing within the Social Liberal Union

Section 1. States which reside in the Social Liberal Union and meet the requirements listed in Sections 2 and 3 of this Article are automatically member states

Section 2. For states to qualify for membership within the Social Liberal Union, the following social expectations must be met:

Clause 1. All law-abiding residents of member states be given freedom of the press, freedom of speech, freedom of religion, and freedom of assembly.
Clause 2. The law-abiding residents of member states must be provided protection from harassment by forces of the law, allowed privacy, and must know all charges against them. Law breakers still must have protections from abuse and the purpose of the legal system is to rehabilitate not to punish.
Clause 3. All member states are to provide universal suffrage to all adult citizens, with majority occurring between ages 16 to 18 as determined by national traditions.
Clause 4. Workers within member states have a right to collective bargaining.
Clause 5. Above this, all states must have civil rights and political freedoms measured at average or higher by the World Assembly.
Clause 6. Labour of children below 12 is illegal. Labour of minors above that is to be restricted based on the traditions of member states. All persons must be provided the opportunity for an equal education to at least a secondary level.
Clause 7. Primary and secondary education is provided for with public funds. Any private primary or secondary schools must be held to the same standards as public schools.
Clause 8. Slavery and all other forms of unpaid forced labour are illegal and nations must actively oppose it.
Clause 9. Healthcare, the environment, social equality and public welfare must also be supported by public funds.
Clause 10. These above can either be directly observed by officials of the SLU or indirectly by the World Assembly.

Section 3. States which meet the above requirements, but are not members of the Social Liberal Union, are of the following types and face the following restrictions

Clause 1. States which share a government with a member state may reside within the Social Liberal Union but cannot be considered members
Clause 2. States which are acting as emissaries of a foreign region or organization may reside within the Social Liberal Union but cannot be considered members. However, a state which shares a government with the emissary state may be a member state, provided it is not also an emissary and it meets the requirements outlined in Section 1 of this Article.

Section 4. States which do not meet the above requirements are of the following types and face the following restrictions

Clause 1. States which do not meet the requirements above, but have civil rights and political freedoms of ‘some’ or higher as defined by the World Assembly, may reside within the Social Liberal Union for 2 weeks with activity or 3 weeks with significant inactivity. In that time, improvements should be made in order to qualify for membership. If membership is not reached, they are to be ejected from the Social Liberal Union until such a time as they meet the membership requirements. Banning may be used to keep out states which attempt re-entry without improvement
Clause 2. States which do not meet the requirements above and have civil rights or political freedoms below ‘some’ as defined by the World Assembly, face immediate ejection from the region. They may re-enter the region if they meet membership qualifications or if they meet the qualifications laid out in clause one of this Section. In the latter case, they face the restrictions laid out in that clause.

Article 2. Rights of Member States

Section 1. Member states have a right to freedom of opinion and speech, provided they do not cause actions which break Article 1, Section 2.

Section 2. Member states have a right to join or form organizations, whether intraregional or extraregional, which seek any political or social goal so long as it does not harm the integrity of the Social Liberal Union, its allies and friends, or the values of democratic socialism or social liberalism.

Section 3. Any state of the SLU may charge any other state with an infraction if an infraction has been committed.

Section 4. All member states of the SLU are innocent until proven guilty if charged with a crime and are equal under the law.

Section 5. No member state can be charged with the same exact crime twice.

Section 6. An accused member state is allowed knowledge of all charges against it. They must be informed of charges prior to the start of any prosecution against them.

Section 7. No state may be charged ex post facto

Section 8: The administrator account on the forum is to be deemed a “Vital Account” which means that it is controlled by the region through the constitution. All other forum accounts are the personal accounts of current or former region members and cannot be given “Vital Account” status. The actions the holders of those accounts can take are regulated by Open Parliament legislation and the forum terms of service.[1]

Section 9. Rights are fundamental and others exist beyond the confines of this Constitution or any written law.

Article 3. The Open Parliament

Section 1. The Open Parliament is made up of all member states of the Social Liberal Union and serves as the legislature of the region.

Section 2. All member states have a right to vote within the Open Parliament and legislation other than amendments to this Constitution are passed by a majority vote of members participating in the vote.

Section 3. All member states have a right to create any of the various types of proposals on any topic. The member state who made a proposal, or one of the states making the proposal, determine when the proposal will go to a vote.

Section 4. All votes will occur in the Headquarters of the Social Liberal Union

Section 5. There are a variety of types of proposals, which are voted on for various lengths of time, described below:

Clause 1. Bills are proposals which would create new laws for the region. They are voted on for one to two weeks and need a simple majority to pass. Upon passage, a Bill it is referred to as an Act
Clause 2. Act Amendments are proposals to modify an existing Act, either for content or to correct errors. They are voted on for one to two weeks and need a simple majority to pass.
Clause 3. Motions are proposals which seek to express an opinion of Parliament on an issue, and must be seconded by another state before they are allowed to go to a vote. They are not legislatively binding and are voted on for one to five days. They need a simple majority to pass.
Clause 4. Constitutional Amendments are proposals to modify this Constitution. They are voted on for two to three weeks and need a two-thirds majority to pass.
Clause 5. Treaties are proposals to make an agreement with a foreign region or organization. They are voted on for two to three weeks.

Section 6. In the event of emergency, votes on bills, act amendments, and treaties may be shortened in accordance to the risk level.

Section 7. In case of veto or suspension of a bill, the veto may be overturned by a two-thirds majority.

Article 4. The Speaker of the Union

Section 1. The Speaker of the Union is the leader of the Open Parliament.[2]

Clause 1. The Speaker of the Union shall be elected by the Open Parliament for a term of six months.
Clause 2. Upon the completion of a term, and if the incumbent declares their intentions to seek re-election, there shall be a one week period for eligible states to nominate themselves to run against the incumbent in an election. If one or more other states nominate themselves to run against the incumbent in an election, there shall be a one week period for campaigning. There shall also be a one week election period using preferential voting to determine the winner. The winner shall immediately become Speaker of the Union. If no eligible states nominate themselves, then the incumbent shall remain in office for another term with a simple majority approval vote of the Open Parliament, which will last for one week. If the Open Parliament approves the incumbent, they shall continue to remain in office. If the incumbent is not approved by the Open Parliament, then the procedures outlined in Article 8, Section 5 of this Constitution shall be followed.
Clause 3. The start of voting will occur immediately after the nomination period. The winner of the election will immediately become the Speaker of the Union.

Section 2. If the Speaker of the Union is removed from office, resigns or is incapacitated, a new election begins by the method in Section 1 of this Article.

Section 3. The Speaker of the Union determines the end of voting on proposals, unless temporarily inactive. In such an event, the Speaker of the Union must select a state to act in their absence.

Section 4. The Speaker of the Union is responsible for the maintenance of and proper archiving for the Open Parliament. As such, an organized system of archiving should be used to maintain easy access and understandability for all acts, act amendments, motions, Constitutional amendments and treaties.

Clause 1. Each Act should be archived with the prefix A followed by the sequential number of the Act’s passage. It should also be archived with its full name
Clause 2. Each Act Amendment should be added to the original Act, with the text of the amendment included at the end to clarify which portions are modified. Each Act Amendment should be archived with the prefix “Aa” followed by the sequential number of the Act Amendment’s passage for the particular act.[3]
Clause 3. Each Motion should be archived with the prefix M followed by the sequential number of the Motion’s passage. It should also be archived with its full name
Clause 4. Each Constitutional Amendment should be added to the Constitution’s text, by adding to, subtracting from or modifying the original clauses, sections or articles. An unmodified copy of this Constitution should be archived, with the Amendments added at the end, in order to clarify which portions are modified.
Clause 5. Treaties should be archived by the date of their passage, with their name appearing.
Clause 6. Executive orders, as described in Article 7, should be archived with the prefix E followed by the sequential number of the Executive order. If it is passed by the Parliament, its position is changed to one of the above types of archived proposals.

Section 5. The Speaker of the Union has the right to delay the implementation of any proposal, other than Constitutional Amendments, which is passed by up to one month, either so that a proposal which would revoke it may come to a vote or so a needed complimentary bill may pass. The intention to delay implementation must be done within one week of the close of voting or within two weeks upon a prolonged absence of the Speaker of the Union. A prolonged absence is the lack of activity by the Speaker of the Union for one week.[4]

Section 6. The Speaker of the Union is allowed a tie-breaking vote in Cabinet decisions but is not a member of the Cabinet.

Section 7. If any legislation or proposal is questioned on its Constitutionality, it can be reviewed by the Speaker of the Union. [5]

Section 7. The Speaker of the Union may serve for 9 months consecutively, including anytime from before the passage of this Constitution.[6]

Section 7.[7]

Clause 1. The forum administrator account is to be transferred to the current Speaker of the Union and shall continue to be transferred to subsequent Speakers of the Union after an election for Speaker of the Union. The password to the forum administrator account is to be changed upon transfer of the account to ensure that former Speakers of the Union cannot access the administrator account. The Speaker of the Union is only to use the administrator account when an administrative action is necessary and the Speaker of the Union is to maintain regular forum relations with a separate account.
Clause 2. The administrator account is to have the display name "Administrator" for purposes of identification.
Clause 3. Noting that the holder of the administrator account prior to passage of this amendment will be displaced by this amendment, the following applies:
The prior holder of the account will be allowed to create a new forum account and it shall be given powers identical to the power granted to the state at the time of passage.
All posts previously made under the administrator account will be credited to the state that controlled it before the passage of this amendment through a signature on the administrator account stating "All posts made under this account prior to [insert date] contain intellectual content belonging to Azerzia," where "[insert date]" refers to the date of passage of this amendment.
Previous posts under the administrator account prior to the passage of this amendment shall not be destroyed by the holder of the administrator account after transfer of the account unless asked to do so by the state that controlled it before the passage of this amendment.
Posts under the administrator account will still be covered under past and future legislation and can be amended as per those pieces of legislation.
Clause 4. Failure to relinquish the administrator account will be considered a serious criminal offense and punishable pursuant to article 10.

Article 5. The World Assembly Delegate

Section 1. The World Assembly Delegate is preferentially elected by the members of the World Assembly within the region and serves as leader of both the Cabinet and the Administration.

Clause 1. The term for Delegate lasts for three months, starting on May 12, August 12, November 12 and February 12 at 00:00 UTC.
Clause 2. Voting goes from the 3rd at 00:00 UTC to the 9th at 23:59 UTC of May, August, November and February.
Clause 3. Campaigning goes from the 26th at 00:00 in April and the 27th at 00:00 in July, October and January to the 2nd at 23:59 in May, August, November and February.
Clause 4. The two days between the end of voting and the start of the term are to allow the transfer of endorsements, as needed. However, even if the needed number of endorsements are not reached, the winner of the election has all the powers of the Delegate and the person with the most endorsements must act on the decisions of the proper Delegate.

Section 2. If the proper World Assembly Delegate is removed from office, resigns, is removed from the World Assembly or is incapacitated, a new state will receive the most endorsements and act on the direction of the remaining members of the Cabinet. Those Cabinet members will act as an executive committee and use all of the powers of the World Assembly Delegate.

Section 3. The World Assembly Delegate nominates Ministers for election by the Parliament. They are elected preferentially.[8]

Section 4. The World Assembly Delegate maintains the right to revoke Ministry policy decisions created by the Minister.

Section 5. A World Assembly Delegate may only serve three consecutive terms, including any terms from before the passage of this Constitution.

Section 6. The Cabinet has a right of veto over all proposals except Constitutional amendments. This can be initiated within a week of the end of voting by the Delegate and approved by a majority of the Cabinet or within two weeks upon a prolonged absence of the World Assembly Delegate. A prolonged absence is the lack of activity by the World Assembly Delegate for one week.[9]

Article 6. Ministers and Ministries

Section 1. Upon the start of a new term of the Delegate, any nation may nominate themselves or another nation to the position of Minister. A period of nomination will last for one week. The ministers and deputy ministers serving prior to the new term continue serving until the election of new ministers and deputy ministers. If one or fewer candidates declare their intentions, then the procedures outlined in Article 8, Section 5 shall be followed. After the one week nomination period, a period of campaigning to last least three days but no more than seven days shall take place. Ministers will be elected preferentially, and the winner of the election will be the Minister and the runner-up will be the Deputy Minister.[10]

Section 2. Deputy Ministers act as Ministers during a Ministers temporary absence and serve in any department level position, as needed by the Minister and Delegate.

Section 3. All areas of affairs are controlled by at least one Minister.

Section 4. Ministers determine policy within their Ministry.

Section 5. Ministers or Deputy Ministers may be removed by the Delegate for any reason, and another election is held.

Clause 1. If only one state is available for the election, the election is postponed until a second state can run.
Clause 2. In the interim, the one state fulfills the role of the position.[11]

Section 6. The Minister leads a Ministry, appointments into which the Minister and World Assembly Delegate share joint control. Beneath the Minister and Deputy Minister are departmental level positions, which include committee, secretarial and ambassadorial positions. These positions are created on a need basis by the Delegate and Minister but are regulated by the Parliament.

Section 7. There must be at least two ministries at all times.

Section 8. The areas of the Ministries’ focus are below. The particular areas may be given to a specific Ministries at the decision of the Open Parliament.

Clause 1. Judicial matters, which are the investigations into and prosecutions of infringing member states.
Clause 2. Defense matters, which are the investigations, espionage and the leading of defense forces in order to protect the Social Liberal Union and its allies.
Clause 3. Foreign relations, which are the connections and diplomacy with foreign regions and organizations.
Clause 4. World Assembly relations, which is the representation of the Social Liberal Union to and the summarization of the World Assembly and its resolutions.
Clause 5. Recruitment matters, which are the process of bringing new states to the region.
Clause 6. Immigration matters, which are the granting of membership rights and keeping records to that effect
Clause 7. Activities, which are the events taking place which are not part of regional affairs, which keep member states involved
Clause 8. Censorship, which are the regulation of communications for decency and security, as defined by the region.
Clause 9. Communications, which are the releases and announcements about regional events and goings on.

Section 9. Any matters which do not obviously fall into one of these categories must be applied to at least one consistently, based upon precedent.

Article 7. The Cabinet, Administration and Government

Section 1. The Cabinet is made up of the World Assembly Delegate and the Ministers. Each has an equal vote in all joint, Cabinet decisions.

Section 2. Regional policy is created jointly by the Cabinet as a whole. Ministry policy decisions are created by the Minister, but the World Assembly Delegate has the right to revoke decisions.

Section 3. The Administration is made up of the nations holding positions in the Cabinet, the Deputy Ministers, and the Speaker of the Union. The Founder is also a member of the administration without having to hold a position within it.

Section 4. No nation may hold two positions in the Administration.

Section 5. Executive orders are legislation created by the Cabinet in a joint, majority vote over .

Clause 1. Executive orders may only last three months before needing to be renewed. They can be renewed twice.
Clause 2. Executive orders cannot modify this Constitution or any treaty the Social Liberal Union is bound to.
Clause 3. At any point in its execution, an executive order may be revoked by a majority vote of the Cabinet.
Clause 4. The Open Parliament may pass the executive order as the appropriate type of proposal, under the appropriate amount for such proposals, at which point it is treated as a regular piece of legislation.

Section 6. The members of the Administration may discuss together privately.

Section 7. The government is all the departmental level and administration states. A state in the administration may hold positions in the department level.

Section 8. Any member of the government may be removed by the Open Parliament, in a vote of no confidence.

Clause 1. Two percent of the Open Parliament must state an interest in such a vote.
Clause 2. Following such a statement of interest, a vote is held for one week.
Clause 3. If the vote is two-thirds in favor, the state is removed from office.

Article 8. Voting and elections

Section 1. In voting for various types of proposal voting, a poll should be created. All members of the Open Parliament may vote, unless restricted from such by legal rulings. The results of the poll should be hidden until the end of the voting period.

Section 2. Elections are managed by a member state referred to as the election administrator.[12]

Clause 1. The election administrator is appointed, separately for each election, by the Speaker of the Union. The Speaker of the Union may choose to serve as election administrator themselves.
Clause 2. The election administrator must not be involved in the campaigns of, or be one of, the candidates. If the election administrator decides to become one of the candidates during the nomination period another nation must be appointed to replace them.
Clause 3. The election administrator may make decisions on election procedure, as long as they do not contravene legislation.

Section 3. Voting in elections should be by secret ballot. Safeguards against vote tampering and multiple vote counters must be used to ensure a valid election.

Section 4. In the event of a tie for any position, the Cabinet determines the winner.

Section 5. In elections where only a sole winning nation will assume a position within the region, if one or less candidate(s) have declared their candidacies for the position at the closing of nominations, the period for nominations is extended by one week. The World Assembly Delegate shall send a message to all members of the region encouraging them to run. If there are no candidates by the end of this week, nominations are extended until one candidate steps forward. If there is one candidate by the end of this week or at a later juncture, an approval election shall be held for that candidate to assume office.[13]

Section 6. In elections where two or more nations will assume a position within the region, if one or less candidate(s) have declared their candidacies at the closing of nominations, the period for nominations is extended indefinitely. The World Assembly Delegate shall send a message to all members of the region encouraging them to run. If one candidate has declared their candidacy after one more week, the sole candidate becomes the acting officer for the position contested. If no candidates are running for the position, then the previous holder continues their administration. Once two candidates have declared their candidacies elections shall be held for the extent required by law.

Article 9. Legal prosecutions of non-administration states

[14]Section 1. The Public Prosecutor, who is a member of the ministry of the Minister responsible for judicial matters, is responsible for charging Member States who are offending the region´s laws. The Public Prosecutor is also responsible for gathering evidence supporting his case.

Clause 1. The Public Prosecutor is appointed by the minister responsible for judicial matters with approval from the World Assembly Delegate.
Clause 2. The Speaker of the Union, Delegate and ministers cannot serve as Public Prosecutor during their term.
Clause 3. Should the Public Prosecutor run for any of the positions named in Clause 1 of this section, he shall be replaced as soon as he makes public the intention to run for such a position.
Clause 4. If there is an apparent conflict of interest, the Public Prosecutor is to inform the minister responsible for judicial matters and shall be replaced temporarily.

Section 2. Any member of the region can inform the Public Prosecutor of a probable violation of the region´s laws by another Member State or by the reporting member itself.

Section 3. The Public Prosecutor shall send a confirmation of receiving the information to the reporting member as soon as possible.

Section 4. The Public Prosecutor then investigates the claims and gathers evidence.

Clause 1. The investigation must be conducted in private, and those who are contacted as part of the investigation must keep all contacts with the Public Prosecutor secret. Names of those who have provided evidence to the Public Prosecutor will be anonymized.
Clause 2. Evidence can be gathered by questioning members of the SLU and states whose region have an embassy with the SLU, as well as those who are not a member of these categories but who have had involvement with the probable illegal activities of the accused.
Clause 3. Evidence needs to be reliable and correct. Lying to the Public Prosecutor, the Court of Justice or other members or presenting facts in any other way than the truth in a judicial process is a reason for prosecution.
Clause 4. Evidence needs to be saved in a way so it can be viewed by members of the Court of Justice and members of the region in future.

Section 6: After having gathered evidence during an investigation lasting a maximum of seven (7) days, the Public Prosecutor reviews the evidence and decides whether or not to accuse the Member State concerned.

Clause 1. If the Public Prosecutor decides to not prosecute, all case files must be destroyed and the accused will officially be cleared.
Clause 2. If the Public Prosecutor decides to prosecute, he shall turn the case over to the Court of Justice and inform the accused Member State it is now officially being charged as well as inform him of the charges and the judicial process.

Section 7. Once the Public Prosecutor brings a case to the Court of Justice, the Court examines whether or not the case as a whole, including all supporting evidence and the methods used in gathering evidence, is fully in compliance to the Constitution.

Clause 1. If the case is deemed to be in compliance by the majority of the members of the Court of Justice, the Court of Justice administers a poll, to be held according to Clause 5.
Clause 2. If the case is not deemed to be in compliance by the majority of the members of the Court of Justice, it is referred back to the Public Prosecutor, who then has one week to fix his case. New evidence may not be presented during this period.

Section 8. The charged state has the right to defend itself from for five (5) days after the Court of Justice has presented all evidence of the case to Open Parliament.

Clause 1. A charged state may defend itself, but solely when it explicitly states it wishes to do so.
Clause 2. The charged state has the right to appoint a lawyer.
Clause 3. If the charged state has not shown any activity in their prosecution thread on the forum by the time all evidence is presented, the Court of Justice will appoint an independent lawyer. Lawyers representing a client may not have any conflicts of interest.

Section 9. Following a vote of the Open Parliament as laid out in Article 15, a state is declared guilty or not guilty

Clause 1. If a charged state is considered to be not guilty, the Court of Justice must publicly announce this fact and release the charged state from the status of being a charged state.
Clause 2. If a charged state is considered to be guilty, the Court of Justice, taking into consideration the views of Open Parliament, convenes to decide sentencing.

Section 10. The available sentences are:

Clause 1. Ban and ejection from the region
Clause 2. A temporary ban and ejection from the region, to last a maximum of three months
Clause 3. Ejection from the region
Clause 4. A forum ban
Clause 5. A temporary forum ban
Clause 6. A temporary ban on voting in the Open Parliament, lasting between seven days and three months
Clause 7. A ban on posting messages in certain sections of the forum, to be decided by the aforementioned. The Ministry responsible for Censorship has the right to monitor the use of said sections during the ban and delete posts of offender posted during the ban, when applicable
Clause 8. A temporary ban on posting messages in certain sections of the forum, to be decided by the aforementioned. The Ministry responsible for Censorship has the right to monitor the use of said sections during the ban and delete posts of offender posted during the ban, when applicable
Clause 9. A ban on using the Personal Message (PM) system of the forum
Clause 10. A temporary ban on using the PM system of the forum
Clause 11. A ban on writing messages on the the regional message board. The World Assembly Delegate will delete the offender’s messages posted during the ban, when applicable
Clause 12. A temporary ban on writing messages on the regional message board. The World Assembly Delegate will delete the offender’s messages posted during the ban, when applicable

Section 11. If offender has one or more departmental positions without being a member of the administration, their status will be suspended pending an investigation by the World Assembly Delegate and the minister for judicial matters and the following additional punishments will be available:

Clause 1. Immediate removal from all positions held and a ban on having any official position in the region for a minimum of one week and a maximum of three months
Clause 2. Immediate removal from all positions held
Clause 3. Immediate removal from all positions related to the charges

Section 12. Following a verdict, a public announcement must be made announcing the result. The parties responsible for enforcing the verdict and sentences must act.

Article 10. Legal prosecutions of administration states[15]

[16]Article 10. A poll on guilt will be administered by the Court of Justice, in accordance with Article 15, Section 4. Available sentences for administration states are:

Clause 1. Immediate removal from all positions held and a ban on having any official position in the region for a minimum of one week and a maximum of three months
Clause 2. Immediate removal from all positions held
Clause 3. Immediate removal from all administration level positions
Clause 4. Immediate removal from departmental level positions, if any are held.
Clause 5. Immediate removal from all positions related to the charges

Article 11. Extraordinary legal matters

Section 1. The defense of the Social Liberal Union is the responsibility of the government

Section 2. Any state deemed by the administration as a security risk can be removed from the region so long as such an action is approved of by the World Assembly Delegate and the minister for defense matters.

Section 3. Following a security ejection from the region of a member state, legal proceedings must then occur normally. If the state is found innocent, it will be invited back.

Section 4. If it is found that the appropriate members of the administration abuses this power they can be brought up on charges, to be processed as laid out by the Articles of this Constitution.

Section 5. In the event of an invasion, power may be handed to the Founder in a one day vote in order to restore the traditional rule of law to the region.[17][18]

Article 12. Regional alignment and foreign relations

Section 1. For a region to create an embassy with the Social Liberal Union, either within the Social Liberal Union Headquarters or NationStates, they must:

Clause 1. Have a democratic admission requirement for states or the overwhelming majority of states must be democratic.
Clause 2. The region itself must be democratically structured.
Clause 3. Have a preference for socialist or social liberal economic systems, although either system need not be a majority within said region.
Clause 4. Not have an embassy with any enemy of the SLU, with enemies determined by the Cabinet.
Clause 5. Not support fascism or slavery.
Clause 6. Have either the Founder or the World Assembly Delegate of the region in question must have been active within the last week. At least twenty separate member nations must have been active for in the previous two weeks.
Clause 7. Not have sent out embassy requests to a number of other region within the past two weeks, or has more than ten embassies, all sent within the past month; however, upon popular support and if the region meets the other requirements for an embassy, this requirement can be voided.
Clause 8. Have a quarter of its members that are members of the World Assembly or have taken an active stance against the World Assembly.

Section 2. For a foreign organization to create an embassy with the Social Liberal Union, either within the Social Liberal Union Headquarters or NationStates, they must:

Clause 1. Support democracy and regional independence
Clause 2. Not have an embassy with any enemy of the SLU with enemies determined by the World Assembly Delegate and the minister for defense matters.
Clause 3. Be involved, active and place value in an embassy with the Social Liberal Union.

Section 3. Any member state of the Social Liberal Union can propose the closure of an embassy with the Social Liberal Union if said member state feels as though the region or organization with whom the embassy is shared violates the requirements set by this Article. Member states can also propose the opening of an embassy with a region or organization that violates up to two (2) of the requirements, although an embassy request from said region or organization would otherwise be bound by the requirements of this Article. Any such proposal must be stated in the Open Parliament and voted on for at least one (1) week. A supermajority of sixty-five percent (65%) passes the proposal. The minister for foreign relations and the World Assembly delegate are bound by the outcome of the proposal.[19]

Section 4. The Social Liberal Union is officially a neutral region.

Clause 1. The government of the Social Liberal Union may not support any raids of other regions and may not defend regions with whom the Social Liberal Union does not have an embassy.
Clause 2. The Social Liberal Union does maintain the right to negotiate with raiders and defenders in order to better protect itself and its friends.
Clause 3. The Social Liberal Union does maintain the right to investigate and use espionage against raiders or defenders in order to better protect itself and its friends.
Clause 4. Individual member states of the Social Liberal Union may defend or raid, provided they do not harm an ally or friend of the region.

Article 13. This act does not provide the Open Parliament:

Section 1. The Ability to Legislate as to laws of Sovereign Nations within its Membership unless approval has been given by the Government of said Member Nations, rather:

Section 2. Actions may still be taken from a Regional perspective to any nation breaking the rules or customs of the SLU as deemed by the Speaker of the Union, World Assembly Delegate or the Open Parliament.

Article 14. Passage and prior legislation

Section 1. This Constitution may be passed by a majority vote of the Open Parliament

Section 2. This Constitution replaces all existing legislation, including the previous Constitution, whose areas of focus this Constitution describes.

Section 3. Any legislation whose function is not altered by this Constitution remains in place

Section 4. This Constitution may be revoked or replaced by a two-thirds majority of the Open Parliament.

Article 15. Court of Justice

Section 1. The Court of Justice consists of three Justices, one of each of the following categories: Executive Judge, Parliamentary Judge, Free Judge.

Clause 1. Justices and candidates for the position must not have been convicted of a crime and must be members of the region for six months at the time of appointment.
Clause 2. The Speaker of the Union, Delegate and ministers cannot serve as Justice during their term. Other members of the Administration can, provided they are not engaged in judicial activities in any other way.

Section 2. Justices are approval-elected or elected, depending on the position.

Clause 1. The Executive Justice is appointed by Cabinet, with approval from Open Parliament.
Clause 2. The Parliamentary Justice is appointed by the Speaker of the Union, with approval from Open Parliament.
Clause 3. The Free Justice is appointed by Open Parliament. Campaigning lasts one week and voting lasts one week.
[20]Clause 4. If an appointed state is rejected, a new state must be appointed.
Clause 5. After a six month term, the Open Parliament votes on whether the state should remain a Justice. If yes, the state remains for another term. If no, the state is removed and their seat is filled by appointment or election, depending on the type of Justice they are.
Clause 6. There is no term limit. A Justice can serve for as long as the Open Parliament approves for and they remain active. Should they become inactive, a new state is appointed or elected to fill the vacancy.
Clause 7. If a member of the Court of Justice is accused of a crime or there is a conflict of interest which would prevent them from making a ruling, a temporary Justice is put in place by the methods listed within this section. If the Justice is convicted of a crime, the temporary Justice will become a full Justice.

Section 3. The Court of Justice examines the cases brought to it by the Public Prosecutor or the Open Parliament, determines whether or not it complies to regulations, is responsible for administering the poll on guilt, and determines sentencing if Member States determine the charged state is guilty.

Section 4. The following mandates are made for the poll conducted on guilt

Clause 1. The members not charging, not being charged, not providing legal counsel and not having any other conflicts of interest may vote over the course of five days.
Clause 2. The voting will begin only after all evidence is presented to Open Parliament by the Court of Justice and the charged state has been given the possibility to defend for five (5) days.
Clause 3. If a two-thirds majority of those voting find the charged state guilty, the Court of Justice will determine punishment based on the severity of the offense.
Clause 4. If less than two-thirds of those voting find the charged state guilty, the charged state is considered to be not guilty

Section 5. The Court of Justice may make rulings on Constitutionality.

Clause 1. If a state questions the constitutionality of an action by any member of the government, a law passed by the Open Parliament or an Executive Order, they may present their argument to the Court of Justice.
Clause 2. The state which performed the action or a member of the ministry responsible for judicial matters will defend the case to the Court of Justice.
Clause 3. The Court of Justice will rule on the constitutionality of the law or action in question solely based on precedent, law and tradition.

[21]Section 6. The Court of Justice may adjudicate any legal matter with only two Justices, except in matters which may result in the permanent ban of a state from the region, may result in the removal of a member of government, and/or when deciding constitutionality.

Clause 1. Notwithstanding the restrictions in Section 6 of this Article, the Open Parliament may, under extraordinary circumstances or in the prolonged absence of a Justice, in a vote lasting for at least 24 hours, authorize the Court of Justice to adjudicate any legal matter with just two Justices. Any authorizations granted by the Open Parliament shall be solely on a case by case basis. States who are parties in the case in question or otherwise have a conflict of interest shall be excluded from voting.
Clause 2. Only unanimous decisions in matters judged by two Justices shall have any legal force. However, Justices may still issue “separate opinions,” in accordance with Section 7 of this Article.

Section 7. The Justices of the Court of Justice shall issue a “majority opinion,” which is a judicial opinion agreed to by more than half of the Court of Justice, and a “dissenting opinion” (if applicable), which is a judicial opinion written by one Justice expressing disagreement with the majority opinion, in all matters it adjudicates.

Clause 1. Justices may also issue a “separate opinion,” which is is a judicial opinion which agrees with the decision made by the majority of the Court of Justice, but states different reasons as the basis for their decision.
Clause 2. When no absolute majority of Justices of the Court of Justice can agree on the basis for deciding the case, the decision of the Court of Justice may be contained in several separate opinions.
Clause 3. Only the majority judicial opinion shall set any binding precedent.
Clause 4. Dissenting and separate judicial opinions may be cited as a form of persuasive precedent, providing the point of law is one on which there is no binding precedent already in effect.

Section 8. The jurisdiction of the Court of Justice shall extend to all states in the Social Liberal Union, and in other regions which, by treaty, Act of the Open Parliament, and/or military conquest, are under the jurisdiction of this Constitution.

Section 9. The Court of Justice shall have the power to vacate any of its previous decisions by ruling.

Section 10. The Court of Justice shall be the sole body competent to adjudicate legal disputes between states under its jurisdiction.

Section 11. The Court of Justice shall have the authority to issue and compel compliance with any reasonable writ established directly by Act of the Open Parliament, any entity empowered by law to establish such writs and any requirement(s) or limitation(s) thereof, or established by common law (only in the absence of pertinent legislation or rules).

Clause 1. No general (exceptionally broad) writ may be established, issued, or enforced.

Section 12. The Court of Justice shall have the authority to compel compliance with any reasonable rule of procedure or evidence established directly by Act of the Open Parliament, any entity empowered by law to establish such rules and any requirement(s) or limitation(s) thereof, or established by common law (only in the absence of pertinent legislation or rules).

Amendment 1

Recognizing difficulties in investigations and the possibility of conflicting interests by leading states, this amendment seeks to modify the Constitution to create an independent judiciary with the powers of legal prosecutions and Constitutional review

Section 1. The following changes will be made to existing parts of the Constitution:

1.1. Article 4, Section 7 will be removed with appropriate renumbering of other Sections.
1.2. Article 9 of the Constitution will read:
Article 9. Legal prosecutions of non-administration states
Section 1. The Public Prosecutor, who is a member of the ministry of the Minister responsible for judicial matters, is responsible for charging Member States who are offending the region´s laws. The Public Prosecutor is also responsible for gathering evidence supporting his case.
Clause 1. The Public Prosecutor is appointed by the minister responsible for judicial matters with approval from the World Assembly Delegate.
Clause 2. The Speaker of the Union, Delegate and ministers cannot serve as Public Prosecutor during their term.
Clause 3. Should the Public Prosecutor run for any of the positions named in Clause 1 of this section, he shall be replaced as soon as he makes public the intention to run for such a position.
Clause 4. If there is an apparent conflict of interest, the Public Prosecutor is to inform the minister responsible for judicial matters and shall be replaced temporarily.
Section 2. Any member of the region can inform the Public Prosecutor of a probable violation of the region´s laws by another Member State or by the reporting member itself.
Section 3. The Public Prosecutor shall send a confirmation of receiving the information to the reporting member as soon as possible.
Section 4. The Public Prosecutor then investigates the claims and gathers evidence.
Clause 1. The investigation must be conducted in private, and those who are contacted as part of the investigation must keep all contacts with the Public Prosecutor secret. Names of those who have provided evidence to the Public Prosecutor will be anonymized.
Clause 2. Evidence can be gathered by questioning members of the SLU and states whose region have an embassy with the SLU, as well as those who are not a member of these categories but who have had involvement with the probable illegal activities of the accused.
Clause 3. Evidence needs to be reliable and correct. Lying to the Public Prosecutor, the Court of Justice or other members or presenting facts in any other way than the truth in a judicial process is a reason for prosecution.
Clause 4. Evidence needs to be saved in a way so it can be viewed by members of the Court of Justice and members of the region in future.
Section 6: After having gathered evidence during an investigation lasting a maximum of seven (7) days, the Public Prosecutor reviews the evidence and decides whether or not to accuse the Member State concerned.
Clause 1. If the Public Prosecutor decides to not prosecute, all case files must be destroyed and the accused will officially be cleared.
Clause 2. If the Public Prosecutor decides to prosecute, he shall turn the case over to the Court of Justice and inform the accused Member State it is now officially being charged as well as inform him of the charges and the judicial process.
Section 7. Once the Public Prosecutor brings a case to the Court of Justice, the Court examines whether or not the case as a whole, including all supporting evidence and the methods used in gathering evidence, is fully in compliance to the Constitution.
Clause 1. If the case is deemed to be in compliance by the majority of the members of the Court of Justice, the Court of Justice administers a poll, to be held according to Clause 5.
Clause 2. If the case is not deemed to be in compliance by the majority of the members of the Court of Justice, it is referred back to the Public Prosecutor, who then has one week to fix his case. New evidence may not be presented during this period.
Section 8. The charged state has the right to defend itself from for five (5) days after the Court of Justice has presented all evidence of the case to Open Parliament.
Clause 1. A charged state may defend itself, but solely when it explicitly states it wishes to do so.
Clause 2. The charged state has the right to appoint a lawyer.
Clause 3. If the charged state has not shown any activity in their prosecution thread on the forum by the time all evidence is presented, the Court of Justice will appoint an independent lawyer. Lawyers representing a client may not have any conflicts of interest.
Section 9. Following a vote of the Open Parliament as laid out in Article 15, a state is declared guilty or not guilty
Clause 1. If a charged state is considered to be not guilty, the Court of Justice must publicly announce this fact and release the charged state from the status of being a charged state.
Clause 2. If a charged state is considered to be guilty, the Court of Justice, taking into consideration the views of Open Parliament, convenes to decide sentencing.
Section 10. The available sentences are:
Clause 1. Ban and ejection from the region
Clause 2. A temporary ban and ejection from the region, to last a maximum of three months
Clause 3. Ejection from the region
Clause 4. A forum ban
Clause 5. A temporary forum ban
Clause 6. A temporary ban on voting in the Open Parliament, lasting between seven days and three months
Clause 7. A ban on posting messages in certain sections of the forum, to be decided by the aforementioned. The Ministry responsible for Censorship has the right to monitor the use of said sections during the ban and delete posts of offender posted during the ban, when applicable
Clause 8. A temporary ban on posting messages in certain sections of the forum, to be decided by the aforementioned. The Ministry responsible for Censorship has the right to monitor the use of said sections during the ban and delete posts of offender posted during the ban, when applicable
Clause 9. A ban on using the Personal Message (PM) system of the forum
Clause 10. A temporary ban on using the PM system of the forum
Clause 11. A ban on writing messages on the the regional message board. The World Assembly Delegate will delete the offender’s messages posted during the ban, when applicable
Clause 12. A temporary ban on writing messages on the regional message board. The World Assembly Delegate will delete the offender’s messages posted during the ban, when applicable
Section 11. If offender has one or more departmental positions without being a member of the administration, their status will be suspended pending an investigation by the World Assembly Delegate and the minister for judicial matters and the following additional punishments will be available:
Clause 1. Immediate removal from all positions held and a ban on having any official position in the region for a minimum of one week and a maximum of three months
Clause 2. Immediate removal from all positions held
Clause 3. Immediate removal from all positions related to the charges
Section 12. Following a verdict, a public announcement must be made announcing the result. The parties responsible for enforcing the verdict and sentences must act.
1.3. Article 10, Section 4 will read: A poll on guilt will be administered by the Court of Justice, in accordance with Article 15, Section 4. Available sentences for administration states are:
Clause 1. Immediate removal from all positions held and a ban on having any official position in the region for a minimum of one week and a maximum of three months
Clause 2. Immediate removal from all positions held
Clause 3. Immediate removal from all administration level positions
Clause 4. Immediate removal from departmental level positions, if any are held.
Clause 5. Immediate removal from all positions related to the charges
Section 2. Another article to the Constitution will be added, which will read:

Article 15: Court of Justice

Section 1. The Court of Justice consists of three Justices, one of each of the following categories: Executive Judge, Parliamentary Judge, Free Judge.
Clause 1. Justices and candidates for the position must not have been convicted of a crime and must be members of the region for six months at the time of appointment.
Clause 2. The Speaker of the Union, Delegate and ministers cannot serve as Justice during their term. Other members of the Administration can, provided they are not engaged in judicial activities in any other way.
Section 2. Justices are approval-elected or elected, depending on the position.
Clause 1. The Executive Justice is appointed by Cabinet, with approval from Open Parliament.
Clause 2. The Parliamentary Justice is appointed by the Speaker of the Union, with approval from Open Parliament.
Clause 3. The Free Justice is appointed by Open Parliament. Campaigning lasts one week and voting lasts one week.
Clause 4. If an appointed state is rejected, a new state must be appointed. The Court of Justice cannot act unless all seats are filled at the time.
Clause 5. After a six month term, the Open Parliament votes on whether the state should remain a Justice. If yes, the state remains for another term. If no, the state is removed and their seat is filled by appointment or election, depending on the type of Justice they are.
Clause 6. There is no term limit. A Justice can serve for as long as the Open Parliament approves for and they remain active. Should they become inactive, a new state is appointed or elected to fill the vacancy.
Clause 7. If a member of the Court of Justice is accused of a crime or there is a conflict of interest which would prevent them from making a ruling, a temporary Justice is put in place by the methods listed within this section. If the Justice is convicted of a crime, the temporary Justice will become a full Justice.
Section 3. The Court of Justice examines the cases brought to it by the Public Prosecutor or the Open Parliament, determines whether or not it complies to regulations, is responsible for administering the poll on guilt, and determines sentencing if Member States determine the charged state is guilty.
Section 4. The following mandates are made for the poll conducted on guilt
Clause 1. The members not charging, not being charged, not providing legal counsel and not having any other conflicts of interest may vote over the course of five days.
Clause 2. The voting will begin only after all evidence is presented to Open Parliament by the Court of Justice and the charged state has been given the possibility to defend for five (5) days.
Clause 3. If a two-thirds majority of those voting find the charged state guilty, the Court of Justice will determine punishment based on the severity of the offense.
Clause 4. If less than two-thirds of those voting find the charged state guilty, the charged state is considered to be not guilty
Section 5. The Court of Justice may make rulings on Constitutionality.
Clause 1. If a state questions the constitutionality of an action by any member of the government, a law passed by the Open Parliament or an Executive Order, they may present their argument to the Court of Justice.
Clause 2. The state which performed the action or a member of the ministry responsible for judicial matters will defend the case to the Court of Justice.
Clause 3. The Court of Justice will rule on the constitutionality of the law or action in question solely based on precedent, law and tradition.

Amendment 2

In an effort to establish the practice of transferring the administrator account between Speakers of the Union, this amendment adds to the end of Article 4 the following section:

Section 9.
Clause 1. The forum administrator account is to be transferred to the current Speaker of the Union and shall continue to be transferred to subsequent Speakers of the Union after an election for Speaker of the Union. The password to the forum administrator account is to be changed upon transfer of the account to ensure that former Speakers of the Union cannot access the administrator account. The Speaker of the Union is only to use the administrator account when an administrative action is necessary and the Speaker of the Union is to maintain regular forum relations with a separate account.
Clause 2. The administrator account is to have the display name "Administrator" for purposes of identification.
Clause 3. Noting that the holder of the administrator account prior to passage of this amendment will be displaced by this amendment, the following applies:
  • The prior holder of the account will be allowed to create a new forum account and it shall be given powers identical to the power granted to the state at the time of passage.
  • All posts previously made under the administrator account will be credited to the state that controlled it before the passage of this amendment through a signature on the administrator account stating "All posts made under this account prior to [insert date] contain intellectual content belonging to Azerzia," where "[insert date]" refers to the date of passage of this amendment.
  • Previous posts under the administrator account prior to the passage of this amendment shall not be destroyed by the holder of the administrator account after transfer of the account unless asked to do so by the state that controlled it before the passage of this amendment.
  • Posts under the administrator account will still be covered under past and future legislation and can be amended as per those pieces of legislation.
Clause 4. Failure to relinquish the administrator account will be considered a serious criminal offense and punishable pursuant to article 10.
Written by North American Republics

Amendment 3

Renames Section 8 to Section 9 within Article Two and adds the following section to the same article:

Section 8: The administrator account on the forum is to be deemed a “Vital Account” which means that it is controlled by the region through the constitution. All other forum accounts are the personal accounts of current or former region members and cannot be given “Vital Account” status. The actions the holders of those accounts can take are regulated by Open Parliament legislation and the forum terms of service.

Amendment 4

Alters Article 4 of the Constitution in the following way:

Section 1: Within Section 4, the following is added to the end of Clause 2:

  • Each Act Amendment should be archived with the prefix “Aa” followed by the sequential number of the Act Amendment’s passage for the particular act.

Section 2: Replaces the last sentence of Section 5 with “The intention to delay implementation must be done within one week of the close of voting or within two weeks upon a prolonged absence of the Speaker of the Union. A prolonged absence is the lack of activity by the Speaker of the Union for one week”

Amendment 5

Replaces the last sentence of Article 5, Section 6 with “This can be initiated within a week of the end of voting by the Delegate and approved by a majority of the Cabinet or within two weeks upon a prolonged absence of the World Assembly Delegate. A prolonged absence is the lack of activity by the World Assembly Delegate for one week.”

Amendment 6

Alters Article 12 in the following manner:

Section 1: Section 3 is to be rewritten to the following:

  • Any member state of the Social Liberal Union can propose the closure of an embassy with the Social Liberal Union if said member state feels as though the region or organization with whom the embassy is shared violates the requirements set by this Article. Member states can also propose the opening of an embassy with a region or organization that violates up to two (2) of the requirements, although an embassy request from said region or organization would otherwise be bound by the requirements of this Article. Any such proposal must be stated in the Open Parliament and voted on for at least one (1) week. A supermajority of sixty-five percent (65%) passes the proposal. The minister for foreign relations and the World Assembly delegate are bound by the outcome of the proposal.

Amendment 7

Replaces Article 4, Section 1, Clause 2 with the following:

  • Following the passage of such a motion or the passage of four months, any member state may nominate themselves to run for the position of Speaker of the Union and may start campaigning. Member states may also nominate another member state, who may start campaigning upon acceptance of the nomination. The period of nominations will go for one week.

Amendment 8

The following section shall be appended to the end of Article 8.

  • Section Five. If one or less candidate (s) have declared their candidacies for any position before the start of elections, the World Assembly Delegate shall send a message to all members of the region encouraging them to run. If no candidates have declared their candidacies within the period of one week, the sole candidate becomes the acting officer for the position he has declared his candidacy for. If no candidates are running for the position, then the previous holder continues his administration. The World Assembly Delegate shall send a message to the region encouraging them to run every week until at least two candidates have declared their intentions to run for the office in question. Once two candidates have declared their candidacies, a campaigning time of one week shall pass, and elections shall be held for the extent required by law.

Amendment 9

Section One. Article 6, Section 1 shall read the following:

  • Section 1. Upon the start of a new term of the Delegate, any nation may nominate themselves or another nation to the position of Minister. A period of nomination will last for one week. The ministers and deputy ministers serving prior to the new term continue serving until the election of new ministers and deputy ministers. If one or fewer candidates declare their intentions, then the procedures outlined in Article 8, Section 5 shall be followed. After the one week nomination period, a period of campaigning to last least three days but no more than seven days shall take place. Ministers will be elected preferentially, and the winner of the election will be the Minister and the runner-up will be the Deputy Minister.

Section Two. Article 5, Section 3 shall be struck out.

Section Three. Article 6, Section 5 and all clauses thereof shall be struck out.

Amendment 10

Elimination of Emergency Powers of the Founder

This amendment removes an unnecessary section from the Constitution.

Section 1. Recognizing that the likelihood of the return of our founder, Ainland, is very low.

1.1 Acknowledges that Ainland ceased to exist on the tenth of June, in the year 2012, and has not returned ever since.
1.2 Acknowledges that all reasonable attempts to contact Ainland regarding their return have failed to yield any results.

Section 2. Recognizing that due to the aforementioned arguments in Section 1 of this act, Article 11, Section 5 of the Constitution is ultimately unnecessary.

2.1 Article 11, Section 5 of the Constitution shall be rendered void.

Amendment 11

Elimination of the Speaker of the Union Term Limit

This amendment secures Social Liberal Union democracy and ensures the well-functioning of the Social Liberal Union administration.

Section 1. Hereby voids and replaces Article 4, Section 1 of the Constitution with the following:

  • The Speaker of the Union is the leader of the Open Parliament.

Section 2. Hereby voids and replaces Article 4, Section 1, Clause 1 of the Constitution with the following:

  • The Speaker of the Union shall be elected by the Open Parliament for a term of six months.

Section 3. Hereby voids and replaces Article 4, Section 1, Clause 2 of the Constitution with the following:

  • Upon the completion of a term, and if the incumbent declares their intentions to seek re-election, there shall be a one week period for eligible states to nominate themselves to run against the incumbent in an election. If one or more other states nominate themselves to run against the incumbent in an election, there shall be a one week period for campaigning. There shall also be a one week election period using preferential voting to determine the winner. The winner shall immediately become Speaker of the Union. If no eligible states nominate themselves, then the incumbent shall remain in office for another term with a simple majority approval vote of the Open Parliament, which will last for one week. If the Open Parliament approves the incumbent, they shall continue to remain in office. If the incumbent is not approved by the Open Parliament, then the procedures outlined in Article 8, Section 5 of this Constitution shall be followed.

Section 4. Hereby voids Article 4, Section 1, Clause 3 of the Constitution.

Section 5. Hereby voids Article 4, Section 7 of the Constitution.

Section 6. All appropriate sections and clauses of Article 4 shall be renumbered for continuity.

Amendment 12

Fair and Efficient Administration of Justice

Reaffirming and codifying several implied powers of the Court of Justice, as well as codifying multiple other provisions that should allow the Court to operate more efficiently and to ensure the fair administration of justice.

Section 1. Voids and replaces Article 15, Section 2, Clause 4 with:

  • If an appointed state is rejected, a new state must be appointed.

Section 2. Adds the following sections and clauses to the end of Article 15:

  • Section 6. The Court of Justice may adjudicate any legal matter with only two Justices, except in matters which may result in the permanent ban of a state from the region, may result in the removal of a member of government, and/or when deciding constitutionality.
  • Clause 1. Notwithstanding the restrictions in Section 6 of this Article, the Open Parliament may, under extraordinary circumstances or in the prolonged absence of a Justice, in a vote lasting for at least 24 hours, authorize the Court of Justice to adjudicate any legal matter with just two Justices. Any authorizations granted by the Open Parliament shall be solely on a case by case basis. States who are parties in the case in question or otherwise have a conflict of interest shall be excluded from voting.
  • Clause 2. Only unanimous decisions in matters judged by two Justices shall have any legal force. However, Justices may still issue “separate opinions,” in accordance with Section 7 of this Article.”
  • Section 7. The Justices of the Court of Justice shall issue a “majority opinion,” which is a judicial opinion agreed to by more than half of the Court of Justice, and a “dissenting opinion” (if applicable), which is a judicial opinion written by one Justice expressing disagreement with the majority opinion, in all matters it adjudicates.
  • Clause 1. Justices may also issue a “separate opinion,” which is is a judicial opinion which agrees with the decision made by the majority of the Court of Justice, but states different reasons as the basis for their decision.
  • Clause 2. When no absolute majority of Justices of the Court of Justice can agree on the basis for deciding the case, the decision of the Court of Justice may be contained in several separate opinions.
  • Clause 3. Only the majority judicial opinion shall set any binding precedent.
  • Clause 4. Dissenting and separate judicial opinions may be cited as a form of persuasive precedent, providing the point of law is one on which there is no binding precedent already in effect.
  • Section 8. The jurisdiction of the Court of Justice shall extend to all states in the Social Liberal Union, and in other regions which, by treaty, Act of the Open Parliament, and/or military conquest, are under the jurisdiction of this Constitution.
  • Section 9. The Court of Justice shall have the power to vacate any of its previous decisions by ruling.
  • Section 10. The Court of Justice shall be the sole body competent to adjudicate legal disputes between states under its jurisdiction.
  • Section 11. The Court of Justice shall have the authority to issue and compel compliance with any reasonable writ established directly by Act of the Open Parliament, any entity empowered by law to establish such writs and any requirement(s) or limitation(s) thereof, or established by common law (only in the absence of pertinent legislation or rules).
  • Clause 1. No general (exceptionally broad) writ may be established, issued, or enforced.
  • Section 12. The Court of Justice shall have the authority to compel compliance with any reasonable rule of procedure or evidence established directly by Act of the Open Parliament, any entity empowered by law to establish such rules and any requirement(s) or limitation(s) thereof, or established by common law (only in the absence of pertinent legislation or rules).

Amendment 13

Fair and Efficient Elections

This amendment codifies the selection of the election administrator and, for most elections, removes the requirement for two candidates.

Section 1. Hereby voids and replaces Article 8, Section 2 of the Constitution with the following:

  • Elections are managed by a member state referred to as the election administrator.
  • Clause 1. The election administrator is appointed, separately for each election, by the Speaker of the Union. The Speaker of the Union may choose to serve as election administrator themselves.
  • Clause 2. The election administrator must not be involved in the campaigns of, or be one of, the candidates. If the election administrator decides to become one of the candidates during the nomination period another nation must be appointed to replace them.
  • Clause 3. The election administrator may make decisions on election procedure, as long as they do not contravene legislation.

Section 2. Hereby voids and replaces Article 8, Section 5 of the Constitution with the following:

  • In elections where only a sole winning nation will assume a position within the region, if one or less candidate(s) have declared their candidacies for the position at the closing of nominations, the period for nominations is extended by one week. The World Assembly Delegate shall send a message to all members of the region encouraging them to run. If there are no candidates by the end of this week, nominations are extended until one candidate steps forward. If there is one candidate by the end of this week or at a later juncture, an approval election shall be held for that candidate to assume office.

Section 3. Hereby adds the following section to the end of Article 8 of the Constitution:

  • Section 6. In elections where two or more nations will assume a position within the region, if one or less candidate(s) have declared their candidacies at the closing of nominations, the period for nominations is extended indefinitely. The World Assembly Delegate shall send a message to all members of the region encouraging them to run. If one candidate has declared their candidacy after one more week, the sole candidate becomes the acting officer for the position contested. If no candidates are running for the position, then the previous holder continues their administration. Once two candidates have declared their candidacies elections shall be held for the extent required by law.

Section 4. This amendment does not apply to any elections in progress at the time of passage.

Amendment 14

This Amendment replaces a previously removed Section from the Constitution.

Article 1. Recognizing that the Tenth Amendment removed emergency powers from the Social Liberal Union Founder, Ainland.

1.1. Recognizes that this amendment was well intentioned but erroneous, given that Ainland returned to the Social Liberal Union after the invasion of October 2016.
1.2. Believing these powers to be essential to the security of the Social Liberal Union, with the evidence of the aforementioned invasion.
Article 2. Article 11, Section 5 of the Constitution shall be rendered effective.
  1. Third Constitutional Amendment
  2. Eleventh Constitutional Amendment
  3. Fourth Constitutional Amendment
  4. Fourth Constitutional Amendment
  5. First Constitutional Amendment
  6. Eleventh Constitutional Amendment
  7. Second Constitutional Amendment
  8. Ninth Constitutional Amendment
  9. Fifth Constitutional Amendment
  10. Ninth Constitutional Amendment
  11. Ninth Constitutional Amendment
  12. Thirteenth Constitutional Amendment
  13. Thirteenth Constitutional Amendment
  14. First Constitutional Amendment
  15. Article title is conjecture
  16. First Constitutional Amendment
  17. Tenth Constitutional Amendment
  18. Fourteenth Constitutional Amendment
  19. Sixth Constitutional Amendment
  20. Twelfth Constitutional Amendment
  21. Twelfth Constitutional Amendment